Cited 14 time in webofscience Cited 15 time in scopus

Young capillary vessels rejuvenate aged pancreatic islets

Title
Young capillary vessels rejuvenate aged pancreatic islets
Authors
Almaca, J[Almaca, Joana]Molina, J[Molina, Judith]Drigo, RAE[Arrojo e Drigo, Rafael]Abdulreda, MH[Abdulreda, Midhat H.]Jeon, WB[Jeon, Won Bae]Berggren, PO[Berggren, Per-Olof]Caicedo, A[Caicedo, Alejandro]Nam, HG[Nam, Hong Gil]
DGIST Authors
Almaca, J[Almaca, Joana]; Jeon, WB[Jeon, Won Bae]; Nam, HG[Nam, Hong Gil]
Issue Date
2014-12-09
Citation
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(49), 17612-17617
Type
Article
Article Type
Article
Keywords
AdolescentAdultAgedAgingAnimalAnimal CellAnimal ExperimentAnimal ModelAnimalsAnterior Eye ChamberBlood GlucoseBlood VesselC57Bl MouseCapillariesCapillaryCell FunctionCell ProliferationCytologyDiabetes MellitusFibrosisGlucoseGlucose Blood LevelGlucose MetabolismHomeostasisHumanHuman CellHumansInflammationInsulinInsulin SecretionIslets of LangerhansMaleMetabolismMiceMice, Inbred C57BLMiddle AgedMouseMusNon-HumanPancreas IsletPancreas Islet Beta CellPancreatic IsletsPerfusionPhysiologyRevascularizationTimeTime FactorsVascularizationVasculatureYoung Adult
ISSN
0027-8424
Abstract
Pancreatic islets secrete hormones that play a key role in regulating blood glucose levels (glycemia). Age-dependent impairment of islet function and concomitant dysregulation of glycemia are major health threats in aged populations. However, the major causes of the age-dependent decline of islet function are still disputed. Here we demonstrate that aging of pancreatic islets in mice and humans is notably associated with inflammation and fibrosis of islet blood vessels but does not affect glucose sensing and the insulin secretory capacity of islet beta cells. Accordingly, when transplanted into the anterior chamber of the eye of young mice with diabetes, islets from old mice are revascularized with healthy blood vessels, show strong islet cell proliferation, and fully restore control of glycemia. Our results indicate that beta cell function does not decline with age and suggest that islet function is threatened by an age-dependent impairment of islet vascular function. Strategies to mitigate age-dependent dysregulation in glycemia should therefore target systemic and/or local inflammation and fibrosis of the aged islet vasculature.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11750/1672
DOI
10.1073/pnas.1414053111
Publisher
National Academy of Sciences
Related Researcher
  • Author Nam, Hong Gil CBRG(Complex Biology Research Group)
  • Research Interests Plant Senescence and Life History; Systems Biology; Complexbiology
Files:
There are no files associated with this item.
Collection:
New BiologyETC1. Journal Articles
Division of Nano∙Energy Convergence Research1. Journal Articles
New BiologyCBRG(Complex Biology Research Group)1. Journal Articles


qrcode mendeley

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE