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Synthesis of ZnO Nanorods/Carbon Nanofiber Composites Using Electrochemical Deposition for Efficient Supercapacitor Electrodes: Control of Nucleation and Growth of ZnO Nanorods

Title
Synthesis of ZnO Nanorods/Carbon Nanofiber Composites Using Electrochemical Deposition for Efficient Supercapacitor Electrodes: Control of Nucleation and Growth of ZnO Nanorods
Authors
Park, Y[Park, Yiseul]Oh, M[Oh, Misol]Kim, JH[Kim, Jae Hyun]
DGIST Authors
Park, Y[Park, Yiseul]; Oh, M[Oh, Misol]; Kim, JH[Kim, Jae Hyun]
Issue Date
2016-11
Citation
Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 16(11), 11669-11673
Type
Article
Article Type
Article
Keywords
Atomic Layer DepositionCarbon NanofiberCarbon NanofibersDepositionDeposition ConditionsElectrochemical DepositionElectrodepositionElectrodesNanofibersNanorodsNucleationNucleation and GrowthPrecursor ConcentrationReductionSubstratesSuper CapacitorSupercapacitor BcccSupercapacitor ElectrodesThree-Dimensional StructureZinc OxideZnO Nanorod
ISSN
1533-4880
Abstract
ZnO nanorods can be electrochemically deposited onto carbon nanofiber (CNF) substrates and used for high-performance supercapacitors. The conductive, three-dimensional structure of the CNF web allows for electrodeposition of the ZnO nanorods. Therefore, the properties of the CNF substrate, as well as the deposition conditions, directly relate to the deposition mechanisms of the ZnO nanorods. The ZnO nanorod structure can be modulated by tuning the current density, precursor concentration, and type of applied current. These parameters affect the nucleation and growth mechanisms, resulting in different structures of ZnO nanorods. Applying a pulsed current with a rest time (5 s) during electrodeposition produces denser and narrower ZnO nanorods than those prepared under a constant current. The additional ZnO thin film coating by atomic layer deposition (ALD) on the CNF substrate exhibits a different tendency of the deposition of ZnO nanorods by acting as a seed layer. Copyright © 2016 American Scientific Publishers All rights reserved.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11750/2161
DOI
10.1166/jnn.2016.13571
Publisher
American Scientific Publishers
Files:
There are no files associated with this item.
Collection:
Division of Nano∙Energy Convergence Research1. Journal Articles


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