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Hierarchical Microcellular Microporous Carbon from Polyamic Acid Cryogel and its Electrochemical Capacitance

Title
Hierarchical Microcellular Microporous Carbon from Polyamic Acid Cryogel and its Electrochemical Capacitance
Authors
Choi, YM[Choi, Yong-Mun]Singh, KP[Singh, Kiran Pal]Park, JD[Park, Jong Deok]You, NH[You, Nam-Ho]Yang, CM[Yang, Cheol-Min]Goh, M[Goh, Munju]Yu, JS[Yu, Jong-Sung]
DGIST Authors
Singh, KP[Singh, Kiran Pal]; Park, JD[Park, Jong Deok]; Yu, JS[Yu, Jong-Sung]
Issue Date
2016-02
Citation
Energy Technology, 4(2), 278-287
Type
Article
Article Type
Article
ISSN
2194-4288
Abstract
The obtainment of a high specific surface area (SSA) without disrupting the conductivity of carbon is very challenging. Herein, an as-synthesized polyamic acid (PAA) derivative dissolved in 1,4-dioxane solvent was freeze dried to prepare a PAA cryogel, which allowed homogenous shrinkage of the texture and a high carbon yield upon carbonization. This work presents the successful template-free preparation of a high-surface area microporous carbon with a unique microcellular structure by simple carbonization treatment of a PAA cryogel. Upon increasing the carbonization temperature, the N content decreased, which was unfavorable for capacitance, but simultaneously, both the surface area and the crystallinity increased, which was beneficial in increasing the capacitance; these results are indicative of an interesting trade-off relationship between surface area, conductivity, and the N content of the carbon. In particular, C-PAA(1000) prepared by carbonization at 1000 degrees C from the PAA cryogel showed a high porosity of approximately 90.8% and a remarkably high SSA of 2038 m(2)g(-1) along with high crystallinity and effective N doping favorable for good conductivity; this material thus illustrates a high specific capacitance of 248 Fg(-1) at 0.5 Ag-1 and excellent stability in inorganic electrolyte.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11750/2731
DOI
10.1002/ente.201500225
Publisher
Wiley-VCH Verlag
Related Researcher
  • Author Yu, Jong Sung Light, Salts and Water Research Group
  • Research Interests Materials chemistry; nanomaterials; electrochemistry; carbon and porous materials; fuel cell; battery; supercapacitor; sensor and photochemical catalyst
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Collection:
ETC1. Journal Articles


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