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Imiquimod induces a Toll-like receptor 7-independent increase in intracellular calcium via IP3 receptor activation
- Imiquimod induces a Toll-like receptor 7-independent increase in intracellular calcium via IP3 receptor activation
- Hwang, H[Hwang, Heehong]; Min, H[Min, Hyunjung]; Kim, D[Kim, Donghoon]; Yu, SW[Yu, Seong-Woon]; Jung, SJ[Jung, Sung Jun]; Choi, SY[Choi, Se-Young]; Lee, SJ[Lee, Sung Joong]
- DGIST Authors
- Yu, SW[Yu, Seong-Woon]
- Issue Date
- Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 450(1), 875-879
- Article Type
- Aminoquinolines; Animal Cell; Animals; Calcium; Calcium Cell Level; Calcium Signaling; Calcium Transport; Controlled Study; Cytosolic Ca2+; Dantrolene; HEK293 Cells; Human; Human Cell; Humans; Imiquimod; Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors; Interferon Inducers; Intracellular Fluid; IP3 Receptor; Itch; Mice; Mus; NIH 3T3 Cells; Non-Human; PC12 Cells; Priority Journal; Pruritus; Rats; Ryanodine Receptor 3; Sensory Nerve Cell; Toll-Like Receptor7
- Imiquimod is an itch-promoting, small, synthetic compound that is generally used to treat genital warts and basal cell carcinoma. The pruritogenic effect of imiquimod is considered to be due to TLR7 activation; however that idea has been challenged by our studies showing intact pruritogenic effects of imiquimod in TLR7 KO mice. Thus, the signaling pathways of imiquimod have not been completely elucidated. Here we investigated the novel effects of imiquimod on intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) signaling. We found that imiquimod induces [Ca2+]i increases in PC12 and F11 cells, and even in NIH-3T3 and HEK293T cells, which do not express TLR7. This [Ca 2+]i increase was due to Ca2+ release from the internal store without extracellular Ca2+ influx. Neither FCCP, a mitochondrial Ca2+ reuptake inhibitor, nor dantrolene, a ryanodine receptor inhibitor, affected the imiquimod-induced [Ca2+]i increase. However, 2APB, an IP3 receptor blocker, inhibited the imiquimod-induced [Ca2+]i increase. U73122, a PLCβ inhibitor, failed to block the imiquimod-induced [Ca2+]i increase. These data indicate that imiquimod triggers IP3 receptor-dependent Ca2+ signaling independently of TLR7. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
- Academic Press Inc.
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