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Modulation of gene expression dynamics by co-transcriptional histone methylations

Title
Modulation of gene expression dynamics by co-transcriptional histone methylations
Authors
Woo, HyeonjuHa, So DamLee, Sung BaeBuratowski, StephenKim, TaeSoo
DGIST Authors
Lee, Sung Bae
Issue Date
2017-04
Citation
Experimental and Molecular Medicine, 49
Type
Article
Article Type
Review
Keywords
Acetyltransferase ComplexAntisense TranscriptionCoding RegionsDeacetylase ComplexH2B UbiquitylationH3K4 MethylationK 36 MethylationRNA Polymerase IISaccharomyces CerevisiaeSET2 Methylation
ISSN
1226-3613
Abstract
Co-transcriptional methylations of histone H3 at lysines 4 and 36, highly conserved methyl marks from yeast to humans, have profound roles in regulation of histone acetylation. These modifications function to recruit and/or activate distinct histone acetyltransferases (HATs) or histone deacetylases (HDACs). Whereas H3K4me3 increases acetylation at promoters via multiple HATs, H3K4me2 targets Set3 HDAC to deacetylate histones in 5' transcribed regions. In 3' regions of genes, H3K36me2/3 facilitates deacetylation by Rpd3S HDAC and slows elongation. Despite their important functions in deacetylation, no strong effects on global gene expression have been seen under optimized or laboratory growth conditions. Instead, H3K4me2-Set3 HDAC and Set2-Rpd3S pathways primarily delay the kinetics of messenger RNA (mRNA) and long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) induction upon environmental changes. A majority of mRNA genes regulated by these pathways have an overlapping lncRNA transcription either from an upstream or an antisense promoter. Surprisingly, the distance between mRNA and lncRNA promoters seems to specify the repressive effects of the two pathways. Given that co-transcriptional methylations and acetylation have been linked to many cancers, studying their functions in a dynamic condition or during cancer progression will be much more important and help identify novel genes associated with cancers.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11750/4202
DOI
10.1038/emm.2017.19
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Related Researcher
  • Author Lee, Sung Bae SB LAB(Lab of Neurodegenerative diseases and Aging)
  • Research Interests Cellular mechanism of neurodegenerative diseases; Neuronal maintenance and remodeling; 퇴행성 뇌질환의 세포기전; 신경계 유지 및 리모델링 연구
Files:
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Collection:
Brain and Cognitive SciencesETC1. Journal Articles


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