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Phosphorylation of p62 by AMP-activated protein kinase mediates autophagic cell death in adult hippocampal neural stem cells

Title
Phosphorylation of p62 by AMP-activated protein kinase mediates autophagic cell death in adult hippocampal neural stem cells
Authors
Ha, ShinwonJeong, Seol-HwaYi, KyungrimChung, Kyung MinHong, Caroline JeeyeonKim, Seong WhoKim, Eun-KyoungYu, Seong-Woon
DGIST Authors
Kim, Eun-KyoungYu, Seong-Woon
Issue Date
2017-08
Citation
Journal of Biological Chemistry, 292(33), 13795-13808
Type
Article
Article Type
Article
Keywords
ApoptosisDegradationInsulin WithdrawalMechanismsMitochondriaMitophagyP62/SQSTM1PathwayProliferationSurvival
ISSN
0021-9258
Abstract
In the adult brain, programmed death of neural stem cells is considered to be critical for tissue homeostasis and cognitive function and is dysregulated in neurodegeneration. Previously, we have reported that adult rat hippocampal neural (HCN) stem cells undergo autophagic cell death (ACD) following insulin withdrawal. Because the apoptotic capability of the HCN cells was intact, our findings suggested activation of unique molecular mechanisms linking insulin withdrawal to ACD rather than apoptosis. Here, we report that phosphorylation of autophagy-associated protein p62 by AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) drives ACD and mitophagy in HCN cells. Pharmacological inhibition of AMPK or genetic ablation of the AMPK alpha 2 subunit by clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/Cas9 genome editing suppressed ACD, whereas AMPK activation promoted ACD in insulin-deprived HCN cells. We found that following insulin withdrawal AMPK phosphorylated p62 at a novel site, Ser-293/Ser-294 (in rat and human p62, respectively). Phosphorylated p62 translocated to mitochondria and induced mitophagy and ACD. Interestingly, p62 phosphorylation at Ser-293 was not required for staurosporine-induced apoptosis in HCN cells. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the direct phosphorylation of p62 by AMPK. Our data suggest that AMPK-mediated p62 phosphorylation is an ACD-specific signaling event and provide novel mechanistic insight into the molecular mechanisms in ACD.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11750/4504
DOI
10.1074/jbc.M117.780874
Publisher
AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC
Related Researcher
Files:
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Collection:
Brain and Cognitive SciencesLaboratory of Neuronal Cell Death1. Journal Articles


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