Repository Community:
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11750/16001
2022-12-04T02:00:48Z
2022-12-04T02:00:48Z
Decision Making in Star Networks with Incorrect Beliefs
Seo, Daewon
Raman, Ravi Kiran
Varshney, Lav R.
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11750/15958
2022-01-07T08:30:20Z
2021-10-31T15:00:00Z
Title: Decision Making in Star Networks with Incorrect Beliefs
Author(s): Seo, Daewon; Raman, Ravi Kiran; Varshney, Lav R.
Abstract: Consider a Bayesian binary decision-making problem in star networks, where local agents make selfish decisions independently, and a fusion agent makes a final decision based on aggregated decisions and its own private signal. In particular, we assume all agents have private beliefs for the true prior probability, based on which they perform Bayesian decision making. We focus on the Bayes risk of the fusion agent and counterintuitively find that incorrect beliefs could achieve a smaller risk than that when agents know the true prior. It is of independent interest for sociotechnical system design that the optimal beliefs of local agents resemble human probability reweighting models from cumulative prospect theory. We also consider asymptotic characterization of the optimal beliefs and fusion agent's risk in the number of local agents. We find that the optimal risk of the fusion agent converges to zero exponentially fast as the number of local agents grows. Furthermore, having an identical constant belief is asymptotically optimal in the sense of the risk exponent. For additive Gaussian noise, the optimal belief turns out to be a simple function of only error costs and the risk exponent can be explicitly characterized. © 2021 IEEE
2021-10-31T15:00:00Z