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Electrochemical biosensor for the selective determination of hydrogen peroxide based on the co-deposition of palladium, horseradish peroxidase on functionalized-graphene modified graphite electrode as composite
- Electrochemical biosensor for the selective determination of hydrogen peroxide based on the co-deposition of palladium, horseradish peroxidase on functionalized-graphene modified graphite electrode as composite
- Nandini, S[Nandini, Seetharamaiah]; Nalini, S[Nalini, Seetharamaiah]; Manjunatha, R[Manjunatha, Revanasiddappa]; Shanmugam, S[Shanmugam, Sangaraju]; Melo, JS[Melo, Jose Savio]; Suresh, GS[Suresh, Gurukar Shivappa]
- DGIST Authors
- Shanmugam, S[Shanmugam, Sangaraju]
- Issue Date
- Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 689, 233-242
- Article Type
- Activation Energy; Amperometric Biosensors; Amperometric Response; Analytical Performance; Biosensors; Codeposition; Current Response; Cyclic Voltammetry; Differential Pulse Voltammetry Techniques; Electric Conductivity; Electrical Conductivity; Electro-Chemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS); Electrochemical Behaviors; Electrochemical Biosensor; Electrochemical Response; Electrodeposition; Energy Dispersive Analysis of X-Rays; Enzyme Electrodes; Enzyme Modified Electrodes; Functionalized; Functionalized-Graphene; Graphene; Graphite Electrodes; High Affinity; Horse-Radish Peroxidase; Hydrogen Peroxide; Interference Suppression; Linear Range; Michaelis-Menten; Modified Electrodes; Modified Graphite Electrodes; Over Potential; Palladium; Physical Morphology; Real Samples; Reproducibilities; Scan Rates; Scanning Electron Microscopy; Selective Determination; Synergistic Effect; Temperature Dependence
- A sensitive and noble amperometric biosensor was developed by the co-deposition of palladium and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) on functionalized graphene (f-graphene) modified graphite electrode. The physical morphology of the modified electrodes was characterized using scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive analysis of X-ray. The electrochemical behavior of the enzyme modified electrode towards hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) detection was evaluated using cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry techniques where as the electrical conductivity and capacitance was investigated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The effects of scan rate, pH, and temperature dependence on the current response of the biosensor were analyzed for sensitive analytical performance. The modified electrode exhibits a fast amperometric response of <2 s, good linear range of 25 μM-3.5 mM, effective sensitivity of 92.82 μA mM-1 cm -2, activation energy of 9.84 kJ M-1 and extraordinary Michaelis-Menten's constant (KMapp) of 0.11 mM. This could be attributed to high affinity, bioactivity of HRP and also due to the synergistic effects of HRP, Pd and f-graphene on the developed biosensor. The KMapp value obtained in this study is lower than those of the electrodes reported earlier. The modified electrode also reports a remarkable decrease of over potential for the detection of H2O2 that decreases the interference of the other substances and retains the selectivity for H2O2. The biosensor showed better reproducibility and stability with a good electrochemical response indicating that it can be stored up to 4 weeks without loosing its activity. In addition the modified electrode was utilized for real sample analysis that displayed good satisfactory results. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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- Energy Science and EngineeringAdvanced Energy Materials Laboratory1. Journal Articles
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