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Preparation of Monodisperse Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) Nanoparticles by Dispersion Polymerization and Heterogeneous Surface Saponification
- Preparation of Monodisperse Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) Nanoparticles by Dispersion Polymerization and Heterogeneous Surface Saponification
- Lee, Young Jae; Lee, Ga Hyun; Hwang, Jun Seong; Jeong, Sang Won; Kim, Hyun-Chul; Kim, Eunjoo; Oh, Tae Hwan; Lee, Sung Jun; Lee, Se Geun
- DGIST Authors
- Jeong, Sang Won; Kim, Hyun-Chul; Kim, Eunjoo; Lee, Sung Jun; Lee, Se Geun
- Issue Date
- Fibers and Polymers, 17(4), 502-511
- Article Type
- Dispersion Polymerization; Dispersions; Ethanol; Heterogeneous Surface; Heterogeneous Surface Saponification; High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy; Hydrolysis; Nanoparticles; Organic Solvents; Particle Size; Particle Size Analysis; Poly (Vinyl Alcohol) (PVA); Poly(Vinyl Acetate) (PVAc); Poly(Vinyl Acetate) (PVAc) Nanoparticle; Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) (PVA) Nanoparticle; Polymerization; Polyvinyl Acetates; Polyvinyl Alcohols; Skin-Core Structure; Transmission Electron Microscopy
- Monodisperse poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)/poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) nanoparticles with a skin-core structure were prepared through heterogeneous surface saponification of PVAc nanoparticles. For the preparation of PVAc nanoparticles with a uniform particle size distribution, vinyl acetate (VAc) was dispersion polymerized in a mixed solvent of ethanol and water using PVA with a low degree of saponification as a stabilizer. Increase of the amount of ethanol in media, the resulting PVAc nanoparticle size increases due to increasing solubility of VAc and oligomer PVAc. To preserve the sphericity and size uniformity of PVAc nanoparticles, we restricted saponification to the surface of the nanoparticles by using a small amount of aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. To determine the proper concentration of alkali solution for heterogeneous saponification, monodisperse PVAc nanoparticles were saponified with different concentrations of alkali solution at 25 °C for 0.5–3.0 h. The PVA/PVAc nanoparticles obtained by the heterogeneous saponification with 4 % (relative to the amount of the VAc) alkali solution for 2.0 h were uniformly shaped and monodispersed with diameter ranging from 428 to 615 nm. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) confirmed the spherical nature and regular skin-core structure of the PVA/PVAc nanoparticles. © 2016, The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
- Korean Fiber Society
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