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Preparation of Monodisperse Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) Nanoparticles by Dispersion Polymerization and Heterogeneous Surface Saponification

Title
Preparation of Monodisperse Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) Nanoparticles by Dispersion Polymerization and Heterogeneous Surface Saponification
Authors
Lee, Young JaeLee, Ga HyunHwang, Jun SeongJeong, Sang WonKim, Hyun-ChulKim, EunjooOh, Tae HwanLee, Sung JunLee, Se Geun
DGIST Authors
Jeong, Sang WonKim, Hyun-ChulKim, EunjooLee, Sung JunLee, Se Geun
Issue Date
2016-04
Citation
Fibers and Polymers, 17(4), 502-511
Type
Article
Article Type
Article
Keywords
Dispersion PolymerizationDispersionsEthanolHeterogeneous SurfaceHeterogeneous Surface SaponificationHigh Resolution Transmission Electron MicroscopyHydrolysisNanoparticlesOrganic SolventsParticle SizeParticle Size AnalysisPoly (Vinyl Alcohol) (PVA)Poly(Vinyl Acetate) (PVAc)Poly(Vinyl Acetate) (PVAc) NanoparticlePoly(Vinyl Alcohol) (PVA) NanoparticlePolymerizationPolyvinyl AcetatesPolyvinyl AlcoholsSkin-Core StructureTransmission Electron Microscopy
ISSN
1229-9197
Abstract
Monodisperse poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)/poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) nanoparticles with a skin-core structure were prepared through heterogeneous surface saponification of PVAc nanoparticles. For the preparation of PVAc nanoparticles with a uniform particle size distribution, vinyl acetate (VAc) was dispersion polymerized in a mixed solvent of ethanol and water using PVA with a low degree of saponification as a stabilizer. Increase of the amount of ethanol in media, the resulting PVAc nanoparticle size increases due to increasing solubility of VAc and oligomer PVAc. To preserve the sphericity and size uniformity of PVAc nanoparticles, we restricted saponification to the surface of the nanoparticles by using a small amount of aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. To determine the proper concentration of alkali solution for heterogeneous saponification, monodisperse PVAc nanoparticles were saponified with different concentrations of alkali solution at 25 °C for 0.5–3.0 h. The PVA/PVAc nanoparticles obtained by the heterogeneous saponification with 4 % (relative to the amount of the VAc) alkali solution for 2.0 h were uniformly shaped and monodispersed with diameter ranging from 428 to 615 nm. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) confirmed the spherical nature and regular skin-core structure of the PVA/PVAc nanoparticles. © 2016, The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11750/5111
DOI
10.1007/s12221-016-5892-2
Publisher
Korean Fiber Society
Related Researcher
Files:
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Collection:
Magnet-Controlled Materials Research Group1. Journal Articles
Companion Diagnostics and Medical Technology Research Group1. Journal Articles


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