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Influence of Ag doping on structural, optical, and photoluminescence properties of nanostructured AZO films by sol-gel technique
- Influence of Ag doping on structural, optical, and photoluminescence properties of nanostructured AZO films by sol-gel technique
- Khan, Firoz; Baek, Seong-Ho; Kim, Jae Hyun
- DGIST Authors
- Baek, Seong-Ho; Kim, Jae Hyun
- Issue Date
- Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 584, 190-194
- Article Type
- Atomic Ratio; Atoms; Blue-Shifted; Charge Difference; Electric Properties; Nano-Structured; Optical Films; Optical Properties; Photoluminescence; Photoluminescence Properties; PL Intensity; Scanning Electron Microscopy; Semiconductor Doping; Silver; Sol-Gel Process; Sol-Gel Technique; Thin-Films; Wavelength Ranges; X-Ray Diffraction; X Ray Diffraction; Zinc
- The effects of Ag doping on the structural, electrical, optical, and photoluminescence properties of sol-gel derived Al rich zinc oxide (Ag-AZO) films are studied. The Al/Zn atomic ratio was constant (∼20%) in all the films, whereas the Ag/Zn atomic ratio varied from 0% to 3%. All the films were highly transparent in the 400-1200 nm wavelength range. The XRD results and surface morphologies of the films confirmed that the grain size increased with Ag doping. The optical band gap (Eg) of the Ag-AZO film first decreased to a value of ∼3.31 eV for a 1% Ag/Zn atomic ratio from a value of ∼3.69 for undoped AZO film. For higher values (beyond a 1% Ag/Zn atomic ratio) of Ag doping, the values of Eg started to increase and finally attained a value of ∼3.66 eV for an Ag/Zn 3% atomic ratio. The photoluminescence (PL) studies showed that the relative PL intensity of the Ag-AZO films in blue (IB) and green (IG) regions increased with Ag doping. The PL positions of these peaks were blue shifted with increased Ag content up to an Ag/Zn atomic ratio of 3%. The increase in I B and IG is due to the charge difference between Ag + and Zn2+, whereas shifting of the PL positions is due to the size of Ag+ and Zn2+ ions. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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