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Influence of Ag doping on structural, optical, and photoluminescence properties of nanostructured AZO films by sol-gel technique

Title
Influence of Ag doping on structural, optical, and photoluminescence properties of nanostructured AZO films by sol-gel technique
Authors
Khan, FirozBaek, Seong-HoKim, Jae Hyun
DGIST Authors
Baek, Seong-Ho; Kim, Jae Hyun
Issue Date
2014-01-25
Citation
Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 584, 190-194
Type
Article
Article Type
Article
Keywords
Atomic RatioAtomsBlue-ShiftedCharge DifferenceElectric PropertiesNano-StructuredOptical FilmsOptical PropertiesPhotoluminescencePhotoluminescence PropertiesPL IntensityScanning Electron MicroscopySemiconductor DopingSilverSol-Gel ProcessSol-Gel TechniqueThin-FilmsWavelength RangesX-Ray DiffractionX Ray DiffractionZinc
ISSN
0925-8388
Abstract
The effects of Ag doping on the structural, electrical, optical, and photoluminescence properties of sol-gel derived Al rich zinc oxide (Ag-AZO) films are studied. The Al/Zn atomic ratio was constant (∼20%) in all the films, whereas the Ag/Zn atomic ratio varied from 0% to 3%. All the films were highly transparent in the 400-1200 nm wavelength range. The XRD results and surface morphologies of the films confirmed that the grain size increased with Ag doping. The optical band gap (Eg) of the Ag-AZO film first decreased to a value of ∼3.31 eV for a 1% Ag/Zn atomic ratio from a value of ∼3.69 for undoped AZO film. For higher values (beyond a 1% Ag/Zn atomic ratio) of Ag doping, the values of Eg started to increase and finally attained a value of ∼3.66 eV for an Ag/Zn 3% atomic ratio. The photoluminescence (PL) studies showed that the relative PL intensity of the Ag-AZO films in blue (IB) and green (IG) regions increased with Ag doping. The PL positions of these peaks were blue shifted with increased Ag content up to an Ag/Zn atomic ratio of 3%. The increase in I B and IG is due to the charge difference between Ag + and Zn2+, whereas shifting of the PL positions is due to the size of Ag+ and Zn2+ ions. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11750/5267
DOI
10.1016/j.jallcom.2013.09.055
Publisher
Elsevier
Related Researcher
Files:
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Collection:
Smart Textile Convergence Research Group1. Journal Articles


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