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Atomic layer deposition of Ru thin film using N-2/H-2 plasma as a reactant

Title
Atomic layer deposition of Ru thin film using N-2/H-2 plasma as a reactant
Authors
Hong, TE[Hong, Tae Eun]Mun, KY[Mun, Ki-Yeung]Choi, SK[Choi, Sang-Kyung]Park, JY[Park, Ji-Yoon]Kim, SH[Kim, Soo-Hyun]Cheon, T[Cheon, Taehoon]Kim, WK[Kim, Woo Kyoung]Lim, BY[Lim, Byoung-Yong]Kim, S[Kim, Sunjung]
DGIST Authors
Cheon, T[Cheon, Taehoon]
Issue Date
2012-07-31
Citation
Thin Solid Films, 520(19), 6100-6105
Type
Article
Article Type
Article
Keywords
Atomic Layer DepositionColumnar Grain StructureCopperCopper MetallizationCrystal MicrostructureCrystallinitiesDeposition ParametersFast NucleationGrain Size and ShapeHydrogenMicrostructureN-IncorporationNano-CrystallinesNitrogenNitrogen IncorporationNitrogen PlasmaNitrogen/Hydrogen PlasmaOlefinsPlasma DepositionPlasma PowerPolycrystallineReactant GasRu FilmRu Thin FilmsRutheniumSeed LayerSubstrate TemperatureThin-FilmsTolueneVapor Deposition
ISSN
0040-6090
Abstract
Ruthenium (Ru) thin films were grown by atomic layer deposition using IMBCHRu [(η6-1-Isopropyl-4-MethylBenzene)(η4-CycloHexa-1,3-diene) Ruthenium(0)] as a precursor and a nitrogen-hydrogen mixture (N 2/H 2) plasma as a reactant, at the substrate temperature of 270°C. In the wide range of the ratios of N 2 and total gas flow rates (fN 2/N 2 + H 2) from 0.12 to 0.70, pure Ru films with negligible nitrogen incorporation of 0.5 at.% were obtained, with resistivities ranging from ∼ 20 to ∼ 30 μ cm. A growth rate of 0.057 nm/cycle and negligible incubation cycle for the growth on SiO 2 was observed, indicating the fast nucleation of Ru. The Ru films formed polycrystalline and columnar grain structures with a hexagonal-close-packed phase. Its resistivity was dependent on the crystallinity, which could be controlled by varying the deposition parameters such as plasma power and pulsing time. Cu was electroplated on a 10-nm-thick Ru film. Interestingly, it was found that the nitrogen could be incorporated into Ru at a higher reactant gas ratio of 0.86. The N-incorporated Ru film (∼ 20 at.% of N) formed a nanocrystalline and non-columnar grain structure with the resistivity of ∼ 340 μ cm. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11750/3351
DOI
10.1016/j.tsf.2012.05.069
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Files:
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Collection:
Center for Core Research Facilities1. Journal Articles


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