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Timing Advance Estimation and Beamforming of Random Access Response in Crowded TDD Massive MIMO Systems

Title
Timing Advance Estimation and Beamforming of Random Access Response in Crowded TDD Massive MIMO Systems
Authors
Mukherjee, SudanshanSinha, Alok KumarMohammed, Saif Khan
Issue Date
2019-06
Citation
IEEE Transactions on Communications, 67(6), 4004-4019
Type
Article
Article Type
Article
Author Keywords
Beamformingrandom access response (RAR)massive MIMOphysical random access channel (PRACH)OFDMtiming advanceZadoff-Chu (ZC) sequence
Keywords
RANGING METHODWIRELESSUPLINK
ISSN
0090-6778
Abstract
Timing advance (TA) estimation at the base station (BS) and reliable decoding of random access response (RAR) at the users are important steps in the initial random access (RA) procedure. However, due to limited availability of physical resources dedicated for RA, successful completion of RA requests would become difficult in high user density scenarios, due to contention among users requesting RA. In this paper, we propose to use the large antenna array at the massive multiple input multiple output BS to jointly group RA requests from different users using the same RA preamble. We then beamform the common RAR of each detected user group onto the same frequency resource, in such a way that most users in the group can reliably decode the RAR. The proposed RAR beamforming therefore automatically resolves the problem of collision between multiple RA requests on the same preamble, which reduces the RA latency significantly as compared to LTE. Analysis and simulations also reveal that for a fixed desired signal-to-interference-and-noise ratio of the received RAR, both the required per-user preamble transmission power and the total RAR beamforming power can be decreased roughly by 1.5 dB with every doubling in the number of BS antennas.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11750/10101
DOI
10.1109/TCOMM.2019.2900242
Publisher
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Files:
There are no files associated with this item.
Collection:
ETC1. Journal Articles


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