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Thermally and field-driven mobility of emergent magnetic charges in square artificial spin ice
- Thermally and field-driven mobility of emergent magnetic charges in square artificial spin ice
- Morley, Sophie A.; Porro, Jose Maria; Hrabec, Ales; Rosamond, Mark C.; Venero, Diego Alba; Linfield, Edmund H.; Burnell, Gavin; Im, Mi-Young; Fischer, Peter; Langridge, Sean; Marrows, Christopher H.
- Issue Date
- Scientific Reports, 9
- Article Type
- COULOMB PHASE; MONOPOLES; DYNAMICS; CREEP
- Designing and constructing model systems that embody the statistical mechanics of frustration is now possible using nanotechnology. We have arranged nanomagnets on a two-dimensional square lattice to form an artificial spin ice, and studied its fractional excitations, emergent magnetic monopoles, and how they respond to a driving field using X-ray magnetic microscopy. We observe a regime in which the monopole drift velocity is linear in field above a critical field for the onset of motion. The temperature dependence of the critical field can be described by introducing an interaction term into the Bean-Livingston model of field-assisted barrier hopping. By analogy with electrical charge drift motion, we define and measure a monopole mobility that is larger both for higher temperatures and stronger interactions between nanomagnets. The mobility in this linear regime is described by a creep model of zero-dimensional charges moving within a network of quasi-one-dimensional objects. © 2019, The Author(s).
- Nature Publishing Group
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