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Photovoltaic Performance of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Containing ZnO Microrods

Title
Photovoltaic Performance of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Containing ZnO Microrods
Authors
Cho, Seong IlSung, Hye KyeongLee, Sang-JuKim, Wook. Hyun.Kim, Dae-HwanHan, Yoon Soo
DGIST Authors
Lee, Sang-Ju; Kim, Wook. Hyun.; Kim, Dae-Hwan
Issue Date
2019-12
Citation
Nanomaterials, 9(12), 1645
Type
Article
Article Type
Article
Author Keywords
dye-sensitized solar cellZnOnanoflowersmicrorods
Keywords
POWER CONVERSION EFFICIENCYOPEN-CIRCUIT VOLTAGEELECTRODES
ISSN
2079-4991
Abstract
At an elevated temperature of 90°C, a chemical bath deposition using an aqueous solution of Zn(NO3)2·6H2O and (CH2)6N4 resulted in the formation of both nanoflowers and microrods of ZnO on F-doped SnO2 glass with a seed layer. The nanoflowers and microrods were sensitized with dyes for application to the photoelectrodes of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). By extending the growth time of ZnO, the formation of nanoflowers was reduced and the formation of microrods favored. As the growth time was increased from 4 to 6 and then to 8 h, the open circuit voltage (Voc) values of the DSSCs were increased, whilst the short circuit current (Jsc) values varied only slightly. Changes in the dye-loading amount, dark current, and electrochemical impedance were monitored and they revealed that the increase in Voc was found to be due to a retardation of the charge recombination between photoinjected electrons and I3− ions and resulted from a reduction in the surface area of ZnO microrods. A reduced surface area decreased the dye contents adsorbed on the ZnO microrods, and thereby decreased the light harvesting efficiency (LHE). An increase in the electron collection efficiency attributed to the suppressed charge recombination counteracted the decreased LHE, resulting in comparable Jsc values regardless of the growth time. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11750/11018
DOI
10.3390/nano9121645
Publisher
MDPI AG
Related Researcher
Files:
Collection:
Division of Energy Technology1. Journal Articles


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