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Quotation errors in general science journals

Title
Quotation errors in general science journals
Authors
Smith, NealCumberledge, Aaron
DGIST Authors
Smith, Neal; Cumberledge, Aaron
Issue Date
2020-10
Citation
Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 476(2242), 20200538
Type
Article
Article Type
Article
Author Keywords
research ethicsquotation accuracyreferencesquotation errorssubstantiation of claimsbibliometrics
Keywords
REFERENCE ACCURACYREFERENCESCITATION
ISSN
1364-5021
Abstract
Due to the incremental nature of scientific discovery, scientific writing requires extensive referencing to the writings of others. The accuracy of this referencing is vital, yet errors do occur. These errors are called 'quotation errors'. This paper presents the first assessment of quotation errors in high-impact general science journals. A total of 250 random citations were examined. The propositions being cited were compared with the referenced materials to verify whether the propositions could be substantiated by those materials. The study found a total error rate of 25%. This result tracks well with error rates found in similar studies in other academic fields. Additionally, several suggestions are offered that may help to decrease these errors and make similar studies more feasible in the future. © 2020 The Author(s).
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11750/12809
DOI
10.1098/rspa.2020.0538
Publisher
Royal Society Publishing
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