The purpose of this study were to obtain basic data to resolve the problem of corporal punishment by analyzing the purpose of corporal punishment and the causes of its occurrence in the sports field. In order to achieve the purpose of this study, 107 university student athletes and coaches distributed in Seoul, Gyeonggi, Daegu, and Busan were selected as research subjects using the ideal case selection method. In-depth interviews were conducted with 7 coaches, and research data were collected by conducting an open-ended questionnaire targeting 100 student athletes and coaches. The results of the collected data were derived using qualitative data analysis methods such as taxonomic analysis and inductive categorical system. The results of this study were as follows. First, the purpose of corporal punishment in the sports field were found to be strengthening of athletic ability, achievement of exercise results, maintenance of lifestyle and customs, and personal reasons. Second, the causes of corporal punishment occurrence in sports field were found to be ignorance of exercise guidance, sport for winning sake, lack of social and psychological capabilities, and difficulty in eradicating corporal punishment.