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Cdk1-mediated phosphorylation of Cdc7 suppresses DNA re-replication
- Cdk1-mediated phosphorylation of Cdc7 suppresses DNA re-replication
- Knockleby, J[Knockleby, James]; Kim, BJ[Kim, Byung Ju]; Mehta, A[Mehta, Avani]; Lee, H[Lee, Hoyun]
- Issue Date
- Cell Cycle, 15(11), 1494-1505
- Article Type
- Cdc7; Cdc7 Kinase; CDK1 Protein; Cell Cycle; Cell Cycle G2 Phase; dbf4 Kinase; DDK; Dephosphorylation; Dissociation; DNA Replication; Enzyme Phosphorylation; Mitosis; Phosphorylation; Phosphotransferase; Prometaphase; Protein Phosphorylation; Unclassified Drug
- To maintain genetic stability, the entire mammalian genome must replicate only once per cell cycle. This is largely achieved by strictly regulating the stepwise formation of the pre-replication complex (pre-RC), followed by the activation of individual origins of DNA replication by Cdc7/Dbf4 kinase. However, the mechanism how Cdc7 itself is regulated in the context of cell cycle progression is poorly understood. Here we report that Cdc7 is phosphorylated by a Cdk1-dependent manner during prometaphase on multiple sites, resulting in its dissociation from origins. In contrast, Dbf4 is not removed from origins in prometaphase, nor is it degraded as cells exit mitosis. Our data thus demonstrates that constitutive phosphorylation of Cdc7 at Cdk1 recognition sites, but not the regulation of Dbf4, prevents the initiation of DNA replication in normally cycling cells and under conditions that promote re-replication in G2/M. As cells exit mitosis, PP1α associates with and dephosphorylates Cdc7. Together, our data support a model where Cdc7 (de)phosphorylation is the molecular switch for the activation and inactivation of DNA replication in mitosis, directly connecting Cdc7 and PP1α/Cdk1 to the regulation of once-per-cell cycle DNA replication in mammalian cells. © 2016 Taylor & Francis.
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