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First-principles thermodynamic study of the electrochemical stability of Pt nanoparticles in fuel cell applications
- First-principles thermodynamic study of the electrochemical stability of Pt nanoparticles in fuel cell applications
- Seo, JK[Seo, Joon Kyo]; Khetan, A[Khetan, Abhishek]; Seo, MH[Seo, Min Ho]; Kim, H[Kim, Hasuck]; Han, B[Han, Byungchan]
- DGIST Authors
- Seo, JK[Seo, Joon Kyo]; Seo, MH[Seo, Min Ho]; Kim, H[Kim, Hasuck]; Han, B[Han, Byungchan]
- Issue Date
- Journal of Power Sources, 238, 137-143
- Article Type
- Calculations; Degradation; Degradation Mechanism; Dissolution; Durability; Electrochemical Degradation; Electrochemical Stabilities; First-Principles Calculation; First-Principles Calculations; Fuel Cell; Fuel Cell Application; Fuel Cells; Nano-Catalyst; Nanoparticles; Platinum; Thermodynamic Factors; Thermodynamic Studies; Thermodynamics
- The durability of Pt-based nanocatalysts in acidic media is one of the key issues hindering the development of efficient fuel cell cathodes, and the factors affecting the durability are not well-understood. In this study, first-principles calculations are used to analyze the electrochemical degradation of Pt nanoparticles. Model systems of Pt nanoparticles in different sizes are designed to calculate the dissolution potentials of these systems. Based strictly on thermodynamics, the results point toward strongly size-dependent dissolution behavior for Pt nanoparticles, the properties of which become similar to that of bulk Pt at diameters larger than 3 nm. Remarkably, the dissolution proceeds through the exposure of more (111) facets at the expense of atoms located at edges, vertices and (111) facets. The size-dependent trends in the dissolution potentials indicate that the competition between two thermodynamic factors, the cohesive energy and the surface energy, determines the dissolution pathway. Based on the findings, several characteristics are proposed that can serve in the rational design of model Pt nanocatalysts. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Elsevier Ltd
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- Department of Energy Science and EngineeringEnergy Systems Engineering1. Journal Articles
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