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Synergetic Effect of a Surfactant on the Facile Fabrication and High Detectivity of an Inverted Organic Bulk Heterojunction Photodiode

Title
Synergetic Effect of a Surfactant on the Facile Fabrication and High Detectivity of an Inverted Organic Bulk Heterojunction Photodiode
Authors
Ha, Jea UnKim, KyounghwanYoon, SeongwonSim, Kyu MinCho, JangwhanChung, Dae Sung
DGIST Authors
Chung, Dae Sung
Issue Date
2017-08
Citation
ACS Photonics, 4(8), 2085-2090
Type
Article
Article Type
Article
Keywords
Butyric AcidCationic SurfactantsCetyltrimethylammonium BromideDetectivityDyesFabricationFabrication StrategiesHeterojunctionsHigh DetectivityLinear Dynamic RangesLow Dark CurrentOrganic Bulk HeterojunctionsOrganic PhotodiodeOrganic PhotodiodesPhotodiodesPoly(3 Hexylthiophene)Surface Active AgentsTin OxidesWork FunctionWork FunctionWork Function TuningWork Function Tuning
ISSN
2330-4022
Abstract
A new photodiode fabrication strategy for organic photodiodes is proposed, involving the use of a small amount of cationic surfactant in a blend solution aiming at synergetic effects of facile device fabrication and high performances. By adding a small amount of cationic surfactant (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)) to a blend solution consisting of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PC60BM), the indium tin oxide (ITO) work function can be reduced to ∼4.55 eV due to the formation of a CTAB dipole layer, without the insertion of oxide buffer layers. Furthermore, we observe a meaningful contribution of the addition of CTAB to the morphology of the active layer in terms of the intermiscibility between P3HT and PC60BM. Various photophysical, morphological, and structural analyses provided strong evidence for the enhanced intermiscibility between P3HT and PC60BM. Owing to the synergetic contribution of CTAB, the resulting photodiode with inverted diode geometry reveals a high detectivity of ∼2.5 × 1012 Jones based on a low dark current of 1.3 × 10-8 A/cm2 at -1 V. In addition, a high -3 dB frequency of 4 kHz and a linear dynamic range of 100 dB are demonstrated. This work opens the possibility of facile and simple photodiode patterning/printing processes. © 2017 American Chemical Society.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11750/5650
DOI
10.1021/acsphotonics.7b00607
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Related Researcher
Files:
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Collection:
Department of Energy Science and EngineeringEco Energy Device Lab1. Journal Articles


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