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Facile enhancement of the active catalytic sites of N-doped graphene as a high performance metal-free electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction

Title
Facile enhancement of the active catalytic sites of N-doped graphene as a high performance metal-free electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction
Authors
Rahsepar, M.Nobakht, M.R.Kim, Ha SuckPakshir, M.
Issue Date
2018-07
Citation
Applied Surface Science, 447, 182-190
Type
Article
Article Type
Article
Keywords
Doping (additives)ElectrocatalystsElectrolytic reductionHigh resolution transmission electron microscopyMicrowave irradiationNanosheetsNitrogenOxygenX ray photoelectron spectroscopyElectrocatalytic activityElectrocatalytic performanceLinear sweep voltammetryMetal-free electrocatalystsMicrowave treatmentMorphology and compositionNitrogen-dopingOxygen reduction reactionGraphene
ISSN
0169-4332
Abstract
A simple and facile N-doping process has been developed to prepare graphene nanosheets with a high loading of active catalytic sites through the combination of hydrothermal and microwave processes. High resolution transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Raman analysis have been used to characterize the morphology and composition of the prepared materials. Also, linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) was conducted to investigate the electrocatalytic performance of the N-doped specimens toward oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). It was revealed that post-treatment of hydrothermally-treated N-doped graphenes under microwave irradiation in the presence of nitrogen precursor can result in the formation of a large content of quaternary nitrogen functionalities. Also, the LSV analysis revealed that fabrication of the graphene nanosheets under the proposed N-doping strategy resulted in potent electrocatalytic activity of graphene nanosheets toward ORR through a four electron pathway. © 2018
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11750/6205
DOI
10.1016/j.apsusc.2018.03.227
Publisher
Elsevier B.V.
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