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Graphitic Carbon-NiCo Nanostructures as Efficient Non-Precious-Metal Electrocatalysts for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction
- Graphitic Carbon-NiCo Nanostructures as Efficient Non-Precious-Metal Electrocatalysts for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction
- Sivanantham, Arumugam; Shanmugam, Sangaraju
- DGIST Authors
- Shanmugam, Sangaraju
- Issue Date
- ChemElectroChem, 15(14), 1937-1943
- Article Type
- Alkalinity; Catalyst activity; Chemical stability; Cobalt alloys; Composite materials; Electrocatalysts; Electrolytic reduction; Oxygen; Precious metals; Thermal effects; Alkaline conditions; Annealing temperatures; Graphitic carbons; Half-wave potential; Metal alloys; Non-precious metal catalysts; Oxygen reduction reaction; Pyrolysis temperature; Precious metal alloys
- Composites of graphitic carbon layers and transition metals or metal alloys have received considerable attention for use as non-precious-metal catalysts for ecofriendly energy devices. In this paper, we report graphitic carbon-supported NiCo alloys (NiCo at GC) that function as non-precious-metal electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction under alkaline conditions. In particular, we examined the effect of the pyrolysis temperature on the oxygen reduction activity. The catalyst prepared at 600°C provided an oxygen reduction half-wave potential (E1/2) of 0.81V - only 10mV less than that of a commercial Pt/C catalyst (0.82V) - with the transfer of almost four electrons. Structural and chemical studies indicated that the excellent activity and stability of the NiCo at GC catalysts resulted from the strong interactions between (and the combined effects of) the metal and the carbon, dictated by the annealing temperature. © 2018 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
- Wiley-VCH Verlag
- Related Researcher
Advanced Energy Materials Laboratory
Electrocatalysts for fuel cells; water splitting; metal-air batteries; Polymer electrolyte membranes for fuel cells; flow batteries; Hydrogen generation and utilization
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- Department of Energy Science and EngineeringAdvanced Energy Materials Laboratory1. Journal Articles
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