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Solution-processed"silver-bismuth-iodine" ternary thin films for lead-free photovoltaic absorbers
- Solution-processed"silver-bismuth-iodine" ternary thin films for lead-free photovoltaic absorbers
- Oh, Jae Taek; Kim, Dae-Hwan; Kim, Younghoon
- DGIST Authors
- Kim, Dae-Hwan; Kim, Younghoon
- Issue Date
- Journal of Visualized Experiments, 2018(139)
- Article Type
- Bismuth-based hybrid perovskites are regarded as promising photo-active semiconductors for environment-friendly and air-stable solar cell applications. However, poor surface morphologies and relatively high bandgap energies have limited their potential. Silver-bismuth-iodine (Ag-Bi-I) is a promising semiconductor for optoelectronic devices. Therefore, we demonstrate the fabrication of Ag-Bi-I ternary thin films using material solution processing. The resulting thin films exhibit controlled surface morphologies and optical bandgaps according to their thermal annealing temperatures. In addition, it has been reported that Ag-Bi-I ternary systems crystallize to AgBi2I7, Ag2BiI5, etc. according to the ratio of the precursor chemicals. The solution-processed AgBi2I7 thin films exhibit a cubic-phase crystal structure, dense, pinhole-free surface morphologies with grains ranging in size from 200 to 800 nm, and an indirect bandgap of 1.87 eV. The resultant AgBi2I7 thin films show good air stability and energy band diagrams, as well as surface morphologies and optical bandgaps suitable for lead-free and air-stable single-junction solar cells. Very recently, a solar cell with 4.3% power conversion efficiency was obtained by optimizing the Ag-Bi-I crystal compositions and solar cell device architectures. © 2018, Journal of Visualized Experiments. All rights reserved.
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- Convergence Research Center for Solar Energy1. Journal Articles
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