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Sharp contrast in the electrical and optical properties of vanadium Wadsley (VmO2m+1, m > 1) epitaxial films selectively stabilized on (111)-oriented Y-stabilized ZrO2
- Sharp contrast in the electrical and optical properties of vanadium Wadsley (VmO2m+1, m > 1) epitaxial films selectively stabilized on (111)-oriented Y-stabilized ZrO2
- Choi, Songhee; Son, Jaeseok; Oh, Junhyeob; Lee, Ji-Hyun; Jang, Jae Hyuck; Lee, Shinbuhm
- DGIST Authors
- Lee, Shinbuhm
- Issue Date
- Physical Review Materials, 3(6), 063401
- Article Type
- TRANSITION; BULK
- Four oxidation states (V2+,V3+,V4+,andV5+) in vanadium oxides and the conversion between them have attracted attention for application to batteries and electronics. Compared to single-valence counterparts, however, there have been few reports on the fundamental properties of mixed-valence vanadium oxide films, as their complexity and closeness in thermodynamic phase diagrams hinder the formation of pure phases in film. Here, using an epitaxial growth technique with precise control of oxygen partial pressure (20-100 mTorr) on (111)-oriented Y-stabilized ZrO2, we selectively stabilize pure phases of VO2(B) (m=∞), V6O13 (m=6), and V2O5 (m=2), so-called Wadsley phases (VmO2m+1,m>1) in which V4+ and/or V5+ can coexist. Fractional increase of V4+ changes the electrical ground state, insulating VO2(B) and V2O5, metallic V6O13 transition into insulators below 150 K. While VO2(B) and V6O13 exhibit strong spectral weights at low photon energy in the roomerature extinction coefficients, the band-edge absorption shifts toward higher photon energy for smaller m, opening an indirect band gap of 2.6 eV in V2O5. The sharp contrast of electrical and optical properties between vanadium Wadsley phases highlights the importance of precisely controlling the oxidation state of vanadium. © 2019 American Physical Society.
- American Physical Society
- Related Researcher
Multifunctional films; Experimental condensed matter physics
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- Department of Emerging Materials Scienceshinbuhmlee Lab1. Journal Articles
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