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Electric Field Mediated Selectivity Switching of Electrochemical CO2 Reduction from Formate to CO on Carbon Supported Sn

Title
Electric Field Mediated Selectivity Switching of Electrochemical CO2 Reduction from Formate to CO on Carbon Supported Sn
Authors
Lee, Mi-YoungRinge, StefanKim, HyungjunKang, SeoktaeKwon, Youngkook
DGIST Authors
Ringe, Stefan
Issue Date
2020-09
Citation
ACS Energy Letters, 5(9), 2987-2994
Type
Article
Article Type
Article
Keywords
MESOPOROUS TIN OXIDEELECTROCATALYTIC REDUCTIONMECHANISTIC INSIGHTSPRODUCT SELECTIVITYENHANCED ACTIVITYSURFACEEFFICIENCYNANOPARTICLESNANOSHEETSPROMOTER
ISSN
2380-8195
Abstract
Decades of electrochemical CO2 reduction research have led to established rules about the product selectivity, i.e., bare tin yields formic acid as the main product. Here, we present Sn nanoparticles supported on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in a hollow fiber (Sn-CHF), which produce CO with 10 times higher selectivity than formate. Density functional theory calculations reveal that a strong interfacial field induced by the carbon support enhances the rate-limiting CO2 adsorption and thus CO production on Sn nanoparticles, whereas the field-insensitive formate and hydrogen production routes were completely suppressed and occurred mainly from carbon sites. Modification of the interfacial electric field via exchange of the electrolyte-containing cation from Li+ to Cs+ induces an unprecedented 2 orders of magnitude change in the CO current while keeping the other products almost unchanged. This work demonstrates how electrochemical selectivity rules can be modulated by controlling the interfacial field, thus opening up new windows for electrocatalyst design. Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11750/12432
DOI
10.1021/acsenergylett.0c01387
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Related Researcher
  • Author Ringe, Stefan Ab initio multi-scale engineering Lab(AIMS-E Lab)
  • Research Interests Energy conversion and electrocatalysis; CO₂ reduction; fuel cells; energy storage; batteries; capacitors; electrified and solvated interfaces
Files:
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Collection:
Department of Energy Science and EngineeringAb initio multi-scale engineering Lab(AIMS-E Lab)1. Journal Articles


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