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A Microfluidic System for Stable and Continuous EEG Monitoring from Multiple Larval Zebrafish
- A Microfluidic System for Stable and Continuous EEG Monitoring from Multiple Larval Zebrafish
- Lee, Yuhyun; Seo, Hee Won; Lee, Kyeong Jae; Jang, Jae-Won; Kim, Sohee
- DGIST Authors
- Kim, Sohee
- Issue Date
- Sensors, 20(20), 5903
- Article Type
- Author Keywords
- larval zebrafish; electroencephalogram (EEG); microfluidic channel; agarose-free; drug screening; anti-epileptic drugs
- EPILEPTIC SEIZURES; MODEL; IDENTIFY; SCREEN; FISH; TOOL
- Along with the increasing popularity of larval zebrafish as an experimental animal in the fields of drug screening, neuroscience, genetics, and developmental biology, the need for tools to deal with multiple larvae has emerged. Microfluidic channels have been employed to handle multiple larvae simultaneously, even for sensing electroencephalogram (EEG). In this study, we developed a microfluidic chip capable of uniform and continuous drug infusion across all microfluidic channels during EEG recording. Owing to the modular design of the microfluidic channels, the number of animals under investigation can be easily increased. Using the optimized design of the microfluidic chip, liquids could be exchanged uniformly across all channels without physically affecting the larvae contained in the channels, which assured a stable environment maintained all the time during EEG recording, by eliminating environmental artifacts and leaving only biological effects to be seen. To demonstrate the usefulness of the developed system in drug screening, we continuously measured EEG from four larvae without and with pentylenetetrazole application, up to 60 min. In addition, we recorded EEG from valproic acid (VPA)-treated zebrafish and demonstrated the suppression of seizure by VPA. The developed microfluidic system could contribute to the mass screening of EEG for drug development to treat neurological disorders such as epilepsy in a short time, owing to its handy size, cheap fabrication cost, and the guaranteed uniform drug infusion across all channels with no environmentally induced artifacts. © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
- MDPI AG
- Related Researcher
Neural Interfaces & MicroSystems Lab
Neural interface; Brain interface; Bio MEMS; Soft MEMS; Stretchable electronics; Zebrafish electrophysiology
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- Department of Robotics EngineeringNeural Interfaces & MicroSystems Lab1. Journal Articles
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