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Pathophysiological role of 27-hydroxycholesterol in human diseases

Title
Pathophysiological role of 27-hydroxycholesterol in human diseases
Authors
Kim, DayeaLee, Kwang MinLee, ChanheeJo, Yeon SukMuradillaevna, Muradillaeva ShakhnozaKim, Jae HoYoon, Jong HyukSong, Parkyong
DGIST Authors
Kim, Dayea; Lee, Kwang Min; Lee, Chanhee; Jo, Yeon Suk; Muradillaevna, Muradillaeva Shakhnoza; Kim, Jae Ho; Yoon, Jong Hyuk; Song, Parkyong
Issue Date
2021-11
Citation
Advances in Biological Regulation
Type
Article
Author Keywords
27-HydroxycholesterolBrain diseaseCancerCardivascular diseaseOxysterol
ISSN
2212-4926
Abstract
Oxysterols are oxygenated cholesterol derivatives and important regulators of cholesterol metabolism, lipid homeostasis, the immune system, and membrane fluidity regulation. Although the detailed mechanism of action of oxysterols remains unclear, activation of some nuclear receptors, such as liver X receptor α (LXRα) and RAR-related orphan receptors, have been believed to be critical for the regulation of various physiological processes in multiple tissues. 27-Hydroxycholesterol (27-OHC) is an endogenous oxysterol, which has an intermediate function in cholesterol catabolism to bile acid synthesis. According to previous studies, however, there are opposing opinions on whether 27-OHC activates human LXR. Recently, several studies have shown that 27-OHC can activate or inhibit the function of estrogen receptors ERα and ERβ in a tissue-specific manner, indicating that the understanding of 27-OHC-mediated biological output is very complicated. This review summarizes the pathophysiological relevance of 27-OHC in various tissues, with a special discussion on their functions in human diseases. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11750/15887
DOI
10.1016/j.jbior.2021.100837
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd
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