The study of chiral self-sorting is extremely important for understanding biological systems and for developing applications for the biomedical field. In this study, we attempted unprecedented chiral self-sorting supramolecular polymerization accompanying helical inversion with Ag+ in one enantiomeric component. Bola-type terpyridine-based ligands (R-L-1 and S-L-1) comprising R- or S-alanine analogs were synthesized. First, R-L-1 dissolved in DMSO/H2O (1 : 1, v/v) forms right-handed helical fibers (aggregate I) via supramolecular polymerization. However, after the addition of AgNO3 (0.2-1.1 equiv.) to the R-L-1 ligand, in particular, it was found that aggregate II with left-handed helicity is generated from the [R-L-1(AgNO3)(2)] complex through the [R-(LAg)-Ag-1](+) complex via the dissociation of aggregate I by a multistep with an off pathway, thus demonstrating interesting self-sorting properties driven by helicity and shape discrimination. In addition, the [R-L-1(AgNO3)(2)] complex, which acted as a building block to generate aggregate III with a spherical structure, existed as a metastable product during the formation of aggregate II in the presence of 1.2-1.5 equiv. of AgNO3. Furthermore, the AFM and CD results of two samples prepared using aggregates I and III with different volume ratios were similar to those obtained upon the addition of AgNO3 to free R-L-1. These findings suggest that homochiral self-sorting in a mixture system occurred by the generation of aggregate II composed of the [R-(LAg)-Ag-1](+) complex via the rearrangement of both, aggregates I and III. This is a unique example of helicity- and shape-driven chiral self-sorting supramolecular polymerization induced by Ag+ starting from one enantiomeric component. This research will improve understanding of homochirality in complex biological models and contribute to the development of new chiral materials and catalysts for asymmetric synthesis.