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Three-dimensional hierarchical nitrogen-doped arch and hollow nanocarbons: morphological influences on supercapacitor applications
- Three-dimensional hierarchical nitrogen-doped arch and hollow nanocarbons: morphological influences on supercapacitor applications
- Ramakrishnan, Prakash; Park, Soo-Gil; Shanmugam, Sangaraju
- DGIST Authors
- Ramakrishnan, Prakash; Shanmugam, Sangaraju
- Issue Date
- Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 3(31), 16242-16250
- Article Type
- Arches; Capacitors; Carbon Nanostructures; Carbonization; Carbonization Process; Coaxial Electrospinning; Doping (Additives); Electrodes; High Surface Area; Nano-Structures; Nitrogen; Specific Capacitance; Supercapacitor Application; Three Electrode-System; Two-Electrode Systems
- We report nitrogen (N) doped nanocarbons with two different morphologies, arch and hollow structure, for supercapacitor (SC) application. A simple co-axial electrospinning approach and subsequent leaching and carbonization processes are employed to fabricate N-doped carbon nanostructures. The fabricated N-doped arch and hollow nanocarbons exhibit high N-contents of 9.02 and 8.73 wt%, high surface areas of 619 and 557 m2 g-1, and total pore volumes of 0.6589 and 0.5681 cm3 g-1, respectively. The N-doped arch and hollow nanocarbons exhibit the maximum specific capacitances (Csp) of 417 and 371 F g-1 at 2 mV s-1 in a three-electrode system and Csp values of 230 and 212 F g-1 at 2 mV s-1 for a two-electrode system, respectively, in 1 M H2SO4 solution. The maximum energy densities of 8.4 and 7.5 W h kg-1 are obtained for N-doped arch and hollow nanocarbons, respectively. Further, these novel carbon nanostructures also deliver good cycle stabilities of 98% for 5000 cycles at a current density of 1 A g-1. Such outstanding SC electro-sorption ability is due to the high micro-texture and high N-content characteristics of carbon nanostructures. © The Royal Society of Chemistry.
- Royal Society of Chemistry
- Related Researcher
Li-ion & solid state batteries; hybrid capacitors/ li-ion capacitors; metal-air-batteries; supercapacitors
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