Tailoring the Li+ microenvironment is crucial for achieving fast ionic transfer and a mechanically reinforced solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI), which administers the stable cycling of Li-metal batteries (LMBs). Apart from traditional salt/solvent compositional tuning, this study presents the simultaneous modulation of Li+ transport and SEI chemistry using a citric acid (CA)-modified silica-based colloidal electrolyte (C-SCE). CA-tethered silica (CA-SiO2) can render more active sites for attracting complex anions, leading to further dissociation of Li+ from the anions, resulting in a high Li+ transference number (& AP;0.75). Intermolecular hydrogen bonds between solvent molecules and CA-SiO2 and their migration also act as nano-carrier for delivering additives and anions toward the Li surface, reinforcing the SEI via the co-implantation of SiO2 and fluorinated components. Notably, C-SCE demonstrated Li dendrite suppression and improved cycling stability of LMBs compared with the CA-free SiO2 colloidal electrolyte, hinting that the surface properties of the nanoparticles have a huge impact on the dendrite-inhibiting role of nano colloidal electrolytes.