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Development of a Wellness Index for Workers
- Development of a Wellness Index for Workers
- Choi, Moon-Jong; Son, Chang-Sik; Kim, Jinsu; Ha, Yeongmi
- Issue Date
- Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 46(1), 69-78
- Article Type
- Health Status; Validity; Worker
- Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a wellness index for workers (WIW) and examine the validity and reliability of the WIW for assessing workers’ wellness. Methods: The developmental process for the instrument included construction of a conceptual framework based on a wellness model, generation of initial items, verification of content validity, preliminary study, extraction of final items, and psychometric testing. Content validity was verified by 4 experts from occupational health nursing and wellness disciplines. The construct validity, convergent validity and discriminant validity were examined with confirmatory factor analysis. The reliability was examined with Cronbach’s alpha. The participants were 494 workers from two workplaces. Results: Eighteen items were selected for the final scale, and the results of the confirmatory factor analysis supported a five-factor model of wellness with acceptable model fit, and factors named as physical·emotional·social·intellectual·occupational wellness. The convergent and discriminant validity were also supported. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was .91. Conclusion: The results indicate that the WIW is a valid and reliable instrument to comprehensively assess workers’ wellness, and to provide basic directions for developing workplace wellness program. © 2016 Korean Society of Nursing Science.
- Korean Society of Nursing Science
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