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Self-Healing Wide and Thin Li Metal Anodes Prepared Using Calendared Li Metal Powder for Improving Cycle Life and Rate Capability
- Self-Healing Wide and Thin Li Metal Anodes Prepared Using Calendared Li Metal Powder for Improving Cycle Life and Rate Capability
- Jin, Dahee; Oh, Jeonghun; Friesen, Alex; Kim, Kyuman; Jo, Taejin; Lee, Yong Min; Ryou, Myung-Hyun
- DGIST Authors
- Lee, Yong Min
- Issue Date
- ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 10(19), 16521-16530
- Article Type
- Anodes; Electric discharges; Electrochemical electrodes; Metals; Secondary batteries; Coulombic efficiency; Electrochemical activation; Electrochemical performance; High current densities; High power capability; Initial discharge capacities; Li metal; Rate capabilities; Powder metals
- The commercialization of Li metal electrodes is a long-standing objective in the battery community. To accomplish this goal, the formation of Li dendrites and mossy Li deposition, which cause poor cycle performance and safety issues, must be resolved. In addition, it is necessary to develop wide and thin Li metal anodes to increase not only the energy density, but also the design freedom of large-scale Li-metal-based batteries. We solved both issues by developing a novel approach involving the application of calendared stabilized Li metal powder (LiMP) electrodes as anodes. In this study, we fabricated a 21.5 cm wide and 40 μm thick compressed LiMP electrode and investigated the correlation between the compression level and electrochemical performance. A high level of compression (40% compression) physically activated the LiMP surface to suppress the dendritic and mossy Li metal formation at high current densities. Furthermore, as a result of the LiMP self-healing because of electrochemical activation, the 40% compressed LiMP electrode exhibited an excellent cycle performance (reaching 90% of the initial discharge capacity after the 360th cycle), which was improved by more than a factor of 2 compared to that of a flat Li metal foil with the same thickness (90% of the initial discharge capacity after the 150th cycle). © 2018 American Chemical Society.
- American Chemical Society
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- Department of Energy Science and EngineeringBattery Materials & Systems LAB1. Journal Articles
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