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Self-Healing Wide and Thin Li Metal Anodes Prepared Using Calendared Li Metal Powder for Improving Cycle Life and Rate Capability

Title
Self-Healing Wide and Thin Li Metal Anodes Prepared Using Calendared Li Metal Powder for Improving Cycle Life and Rate Capability
Authors
Jin, DaheeOh, JeonghunFriesen, AlexKim, KyumanJo, TaejinLee, Yong MinRyou, Myung-Hyun
DGIST Authors
Lee, Yong Min
Issue Date
2018-05
Citation
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 10(19), 16521-16530
Type
Article
Article Type
Article
Keywords
AnodesElectric dischargesElectrochemical electrodesMetalsSecondary batteriesCoulombic efficiencyElectrochemical activationElectrochemical performanceHigh current densitiesHigh power capabilityInitial discharge capacitiesLi metalRate capabilitiesPowder metals
ISSN
1944-8244
Abstract
The commercialization of Li metal electrodes is a long-standing objective in the battery community. To accomplish this goal, the formation of Li dendrites and mossy Li deposition, which cause poor cycle performance and safety issues, must be resolved. In addition, it is necessary to develop wide and thin Li metal anodes to increase not only the energy density, but also the design freedom of large-scale Li-metal-based batteries. We solved both issues by developing a novel approach involving the application of calendared stabilized Li metal powder (LiMP) electrodes as anodes. In this study, we fabricated a 21.5 cm wide and 40 μm thick compressed LiMP electrode and investigated the correlation between the compression level and electrochemical performance. A high level of compression (40% compression) physically activated the LiMP surface to suppress the dendritic and mossy Li metal formation at high current densities. Furthermore, as a result of the LiMP self-healing because of electrochemical activation, the 40% compressed LiMP electrode exhibited an excellent cycle performance (reaching 90% of the initial discharge capacity after the 360th cycle), which was improved by more than a factor of 2 compared to that of a flat Li metal foil with the same thickness (90% of the initial discharge capacity after the 150th cycle). © 2018 American Chemical Society.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11750/6563
DOI
10.1021/acsami.8b02740
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Related Researcher
Files:
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Collection:
Department of Energy Science and EngineeringBattery Materials & Systems LAB1. Journal Articles


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