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H2V3O8 as a High Energy Cathode Material for Nonaqueous Magnesium-Ion Batteries
- H2V3O8 as a High Energy Cathode Material for Nonaqueous Magnesium-Ion Batteries
- Rastgoo-Deylami, Mohadese; Chae, Munseok S.; Hong, Seung-Tae
- DGIST Authors
- Hong, Seung-Tae
- Issue Date
- Chemistry of Materials, 30(21), 7464-7472
- Article Type
- Magnesium-ion batteries (MIBs) suffer from a low energy density of cathode materials in a conventional nonaqueous electrolyte, contrary to the expectation due to the divalent Mg ion. Here, we report H2V3O8, or V3O7·H2O, as a high-energy cathode material for MIBs. It exhibits reversible magnesiation-demagnesiation behavior with an initial discharge capacity of 231 mAh g-1 at 60 °C, and an average discharge voltage of 1.9 V vs Mg/Mg2+ in an electrolyte of 0.5 M Mg(ClO4)2 in acetonitrile, resulting in a high energy density of 440 Wh kg-1. The structural water remains stable during cycling. The crystal structure for Mg0.97H2V3O8 is determined for the first time. Bond valence sum difference mapping shows facile conduction pathways for Mg ions in the structure. The high performance of this material with its distinct crystal structure employing water-metal bonding and hydrogen bonding provides insights to search for new oxide-based stable and high-energy materials for MIBs. © 2018 American Chemical Society.
- American Chemical Society
- Related Researcher
Discovery Lab(Batteries & Materials Discovery Laboratory)
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- Department of Energy Science and EngineeringDiscovery Lab(Batteries & Materials Discovery Laboratory)1. Journal Articles
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