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Highly Twisted Supercoils for Superelastic Multi-functional Fibres
- Highly Twisted Supercoils for Superelastic Multi-functional Fibres
- Son, Wonkyeong; Chun, Sungwoo; Lee, Jae Myeong; Lee, Yourack; Park, Jeongmin; Suh, Dongseok; Lee, Duck Weon; Jung, Hachul; Kim, Young-jin; Kim, Younghoon; Jeong, Soon Moon; Lim, Sang Kyoo; Choi, Changsoon
- DGIST Authors
- Kim, Younghoon; Jeong, Soon Moon; Lim, Sang Kyoo; Choi, Changsoon
- Issue Date
- Nature Communications, 10(1)
- Article Type
- Highly deformable and electrically conductive fibres with multiple functionalities are needed for diverse applications. Here we report on a supercoil structure (coiling of a coil) of fibresfabricated by inserting a giant twist into spandex core fibres wrapped in a carbon nanotube sheath. The resulting supercoiled fibres show a highly ordered and compact structure along the fibre direction, which can sustain up to 1,500% elastic deformation. The supercoiled fibre exhibits an increase in resistance of 4.2% for stretching of 1,000% when overcoated by a passivation layer. Moreover, by incorporating pseudocapacitiveactive materials, we demonstrate the existence of superelastic supercapacitors with high linear and areal capacitance values (21.7 mF cm-1, and 92.1 mF cm-2, respectively) that can reversibly stretched by 1,000% without significant capacitance loss. The supercoiled fibre can also function as an electrothermal artificial muscle contracting a 4.2% (% of loaded fibre length) when 0.45 V mm-1 is applied.
- Nature Publishing Group
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