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A novel superframe structure and optimal time slot allocation algorithm for IEEE 802.15.4–based Internet of things

A novel superframe structure and optimal time slot allocation algorithm for IEEE 802.15.4–based Internet of things
Khan, SangrezAlvi, Ahmad NaseemKhan, Mohammad ZubairJaved, Muhammad AwaisAlhazmi, Omar HBouk, Safdar Hussain
DGIST Authors
Khan, Sangrez; Alvi, Ahmad Naseem; Khan, Mohammad Zubair; Javed, Muhammad Awais; Alhazmi, Omar H; Bouk, Safdar Hussain
Issue Date
International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, 16(12)
Article Type
Author Keywords
Internet of thingsIEEE 802154medium access controlguaranteed time slots
Air traffic controlInternet of thingsPhysical layerStructural optimizationAnalytical resultsBeacon-Enabled IEEE 802.15.4Contention access periodsContention free periodsGuaranteed time slotsIEEE 802.15.4 standardsInternet of Things (IOT)Knapsack algorithmsIEEE Standards
IEEE 802.15.4 standard is specifically designed for a low-rate and low-processing Internet of things (IoT) applications and offers guaranteed time slots. A beacon-enabled IEEE 802.15.4 consists of a superframe structure that comprises of the contention access period and contention-free period. During contention-free period, nodes transfer their data using guaranteed time slots without any collision. The coordinator node receives data transmission requests in one cycle and allocates guaranteed time slots to the nodes in the next cycle. This allocation process may cause large delay that may not be acceptable for few applications. In this work, a novel superframe structure is proposed that significantly reduces guaranteed time slots allocation delay for the nodes with data requests. The proposed superframe structure comprises of two contention access periods and one contention-free period, where contention-free period precedes both contention access periods with reduced slot size. In addition, the knapsack algorithm is modified for better guaranteed time slots allocation by allowing more guaranteed time slots requesting nodes to send their data as compared to the IEEE 802.15.4 standard. The simulation and analytical results show that the proposed superframe structure reduces the network delay by up to 80%, increases contention-free period utilization up to 50%, and allocates guaranteed time slots up to 16 nodes in a single superframe duration. © The Author(s) 2020.
SAGE Publications Ltd
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