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Sodium Effects on the Diffusion, Phase, and Defect Characteristics of Kesterite Solar Cells and Flexible Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)(4) with Greater than 11% Efficiency

Title
Sodium Effects on the Diffusion, Phase, and Defect Characteristics of Kesterite Solar Cells and Flexible Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)(4) with Greater than 11% Efficiency
Authors
Yang, Kee-JeongKim, SammiKim, Se-YunSon, Dae-HoLee, JaebaekKim, Young-IllSung, Shi-JoonKim, Dae-HwanEnkhbat, TemujinKim, JunHoKim, JuranJo, WilliamKang, Jin-Kyu
DGIST Authors
Yang, Kee-Jeong; Kim, Sammi; Kim, Se-Yun; Son, Dae-Ho; Lee, Jaebaek; Kim, Young-Ill; Sung, Shi-JoonKim, Dae-Hwan; Enkhbat, Temujin; Kim, JunHo; Kim, Juran; Jo, William; Kang, Jin-Kyu
Issue Date
2021-07
Citation
Advanced Functional Materials, 31(29), 2102238
Type
Article
Author Keywords
alkali metal dopingCZTSSedefectsflexible solar cellsecondary phases
Keywords
NACU2ZNSNS4PERFORMANCEGROWTH
ISSN
1616-301X
Abstract
Improving the efficiency of kesterite (Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4; CZTSSe) solar cells requires understanding the effects of Na doping. This paper investigates these effects by applying a NaF layer at various positions within precursors. The NaF position is important because Na produces Na-related defects in the absorber and suppresses the formation of intrinsic defects. By investigating precursors with various NaF positions, the sulfo-selenization mechanism and the characteristics of defect formation are confirmed. Applying a NaF layer onto a Zn layer in a CZTSSe precursor limits Zn diffusion and suppresses Cu-Zn alloy formation, thus changing the sulfo-selenization mechanism. In addition, the surface NaF layer provides reactive Se and S to the absorber layer by generating Na2Sex and Na2Sx liquid phases during sulfo-selenization, thus limiting the incorporation of Na into the absorber and reducing the Na effects. Efficiency values of 11.16% and 11.19% are obtained for a flexible CZTSSe solar cell by applying NaF between the Zn layer and back contact and between the Cu and Sn layers, respectively. This study presents methods for doping with alkali metals and improving the efficiency of photovoltaics. © 2021 Wiley-VCH GmbH
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11750/13753
DOI
10.1002/adfm.202102238
Publisher
John Wiley and Sons Inc
Related Researcher
Files:
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Collection:
Division of Energy Technology1. Journal Articles


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