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Long-range ballistic propagation of carriers in methylammonium lead iodide perovskite thin films

Long-range ballistic propagation of carriers in methylammonium lead iodide perovskite thin films
Sung, JooyoungSchnedermann, ChristophNi, LimengSadhanala, AdityaChen, Richard Y. S.Cho, ChangsoonPriest, LeeLim, Jong MinKim, Hyun-KyungMonserrat, BartomeuKukura, PhilippRao, Akshay
DGIST Authors
Sung, Jooyoung
Issue Date
Nature Physics, 16(2), 171-176
Article Type
The performance of semiconductor devices is fundamentally governed by charge-carrier dynamics within the active materials(1-6). Although advances have been made towards understanding these dynamics under steady-state conditions, the importance of non-equilibrium phenomena and their effect on device performances remains elusive(7,8). In fact, the ballistic propagation of carriers is generally considered to not contribute to the mechanism of photovoltaics (PVs) and light-emitting diodes, as scattering rapidly disrupts such processes after carrier generation via photon absorption or electric injection(9). Here we characterize the spatiotemporal dynamics of carriers immediately after photon absorption in methylammonium lead iodide perovskite films using femtosecond transient absorption microscopy (fs-TAM) with a 10 fs temporal resolution and 10 nm spatial precision. We found that non-equilibrium carriers propagate ballistically over 150 nm within 20 fs of photon absorption. Our results suggest that in a typical perovskite PV device operating under standard conditions, a large fraction of carriers can reach the charge collection layers ballistically. The ballistic transport distance appears to be limited by energetic disorder within the materials, probably due to disorder-induced scattering. This provides a direct route towards optimization of the ballistic transport distance via improvements in materials and by minimizing the energetic disorder. Our observations reveal an unexplored regime of carrier transport in perovskites, which could have important consequences for device performance. Charge-carrier dynamics are fundamental to the operation and performance of semiconductor devices. In methylammonium lead iodide perovskites, carriers in the non-equilibrium regime after excitation propagate ballistically over 150 nm within 20 fs.
Nature Publishing Group
Related Researcher
  • Author Sung, Jooyoung FemtoLab for Advanced Energy Materials
  • Research Interests Nanostructured Semiconductor Materials; Advanced Organic Materials; Optoelectronic Properties; Time/Space-resolved Spectroscopy
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Department of Physics and ChemistryETC1. Journal Articles
Department of Physics and ChemistryFemtoLab for Advanced Energy Materials1. Journal Articles

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