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Photocatalytic CO2 Reduction over Stable and Earth Abundant Cu-TiO2-x

Title
Photocatalytic CO2 Reduction over Stable and Earth Abundant Cu-TiO2-x; a quest to get Economic Viability

Title
a quest to get Economic Viability
Authors
Ali Shahzad
DGIST Authors
Ali Shahzad; Su-Il InJong-Sung Yu
Advisor(s)
인수일
Co-Advisor(s)
Jong-Sung Yu
Issue Date
2022
Available Date
2022-03-08
Degree Date
2022/02
Type
Thesis
Keywords
Solar fuels, CO2 reduction, copper oxide, Z-scheme heterostructure, oxygen vacancy
Description
Solar fuels, CO2 reduction, copper oxide, Z-scheme heterostructure, oxygen vacancy
Table Of Contents
Ⅰ. Introduction 1 1.1 CO2 and greenhouse effect 1 1.1.1 Sea level rise 2 1.1.2 Extinction of living species 2 1.1.3 Food in-security 2 1.1.4 Ocean Acidification 2 1.2 CO2 reduction routes 2 1.2.1 Thermal CO2 splitting 2 1.2.2 Catalytic Conversion: 3 1.2.3 Bio-chemical Conversion: 3 1.2.4 Electrochemical conversion 3 1.2.5 Solar thermochemical conversion 3 1.3 Photocatalytic CO2 reduction 4 1.4 Factors effecting photocatalytic CO2 reduction 6 1.4.1 Flow versus batch reactors 6 1.4.2 Reactor geometry and catalyst support 7 1.4.3 Light irradiations 7 1.4.4 Temperature 8 1.4.5 Effect of H2O/CO2 feed ratio 9 1.4.6 Other factors 10 1.5 Challenges in photocatalytic CO2 reduction 10 1.6 Reduced TiO2 11 1.7 Copper based photocatalysts for CO2 reduction 12 1.7.1 Cu as a co-catalyst 12 1.7.2 Copper oxide itself as a photocatalyst 12 1.7.3 Heterostructures of Cu 13 1.7.4 Atomically dispersed Cu-based photocatalysts 16 1.8 Stability of Cu-based photocatalysts 18 1.8.1 Metals and non-metals 18 1.8.2 Z-scheme heterostructures 20 1.8.3 Other methods 22 Ⅱ. Characterization and analysis tools 39 2.1 X-ray diffraction (XRD) 39 2.2 Transmission electron microscopy 41 2.3 UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy 42 2.4 X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) 43 2.5 Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) 44 2.6 Raman spectroscopy 46 2.7 Gas chromatography 46 2.7.1 Component of GC 47 2.8 Gas chromatography-Mass spectroscopy 49 2.9 Temperature program desorption 51 2.10 Formulas and Calculations 52 2.10.1 Calculations of photocatalytic Yield 52 2.10.1 Calculations of photocatalytic Yield 52 2.10.2 Calculations of AQY 53 2.11 Coumarin dye test: 55 2.12 Photocatalytic Setup 55 Ⅲ. Sustained, Photocatalytic CO2 Reduction to CH4 in a Continuous Flow Reactor by Earth-Abundant Materials: Reduced Titania-Cu2O Z-Scheme Heterostructures 59 3.1 Introduction 59 3.2 Experimental 60 3.2.1 Materials and preparation methods 60 3.2.2 Characterization methods 62 3.2.3 Photocatalytic testing 62 3.4 Conclusions 76 Ⅳ. Photocatalytic reduction of atmospheric CO2 over copper deposited titania: Insights into reaction mechanism and stability 89 4.1 Introduction 89 4.2 Material and characterization 91 4.2.1 Material synthesis 91 4.2.2 Characterizations 91 4.2.3 Photocatalytic testing 92 4.3 Results and discussions 93 4.3.1 Atmospheric H2O and CO2 adsorption 94 4.3.2 Reaction Mechanism 100 4.4 Conclusions 108 Ⅴ.Conclusions and future prospective 116 Abstract in Korean language (요약문) 119
URI
http://dgist.dcollection.net/common/orgView/200000595375
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11750/16310
DOI
10.22677/thesis.200000595375
Degree
Doctor
Department
Energy Science & Engineering
University
DGIST
Related Researcher
  • Author Yu, Jong-Sung Light, Salts and Water Research Group
  • Research Interests Materials chemistry; nanomaterials; electrochemistry; carbon and porous materials; fuel cell; battery; supercapacitor; sensor and photochemical catalyst
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Collection:
Department of Energy Science and EngineeringThesesPh.D.


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