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An Ambulatory Gait Monitoring System with Activity Classification and Gait Parameter Calculation Based on a Single Foot Inertial Sensor

An Ambulatory Gait Monitoring System with Activity Classification and Gait Parameter Calculation Based on a Single Foot Inertial Sensor
Song, MinsuKim, Jonghyun
DGIST Authors
Kim, Jonghyun
Issue Date
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 65(4), 885-893
Article Type
Activities of Daily LifeActivity ClassificationsClassification AccuracyClassification AlgorithmGait Activity ClassificationGait AnalysisInertial Measurement UnitInertial Measurement UnitInertial Navigation SystemsMean Square ErrorMonitoringParameter EstimationParameter Estimation AlgorithmRamp WalkRoot Mean Square ErrorsStair WalkStairsUnits of Measurement
Goal: For healthcare and clinical use, ambulatory gait monitoring systems using inertial sensors have been developed to estimate the user gait parameters, such as walking speed, stride time, and stride length. However, to adapt the systems effectively to daily-life activities, they need to be able to classify the gait activities of daily-life to obtain the parameters for each activity. In this study, we propose a simple classification algorithm based on a single inertial sensor for ease of use, which classifies three major gait activities: leveled walk, ramp walk, and stair walk. Method: The classification can be performed with gait parameter estimation simultaneously. The developed system that includes classification and parameter estimation algorithms was evaluated with eight healthy subjects within a gait lab and on an outdoor daily-life walking course. Results: The results showed that the estimated gait parameters were comparable to existing studies (range of walking speed root mean square error (RMSE): 0.059-0.129 m/s), and the classification accuracy was sufficiently high for all three gait activities: 98.5 % for the indoor gait lab experiment and 95.5 % for the outdoor complex daily-life walking course experiment. Conclusion: The proposed system is simple and effective for daily-life gait analysis, including gait activity classification and gait parameter estimation. for each activity. IEEE
IEEE Computer Society
Related Researcher
  • Author Kim, Jong Hyun REL(Rehabilitation Engineering Laboratory)
  • Research Interests Rehabilitation engineering; Robotics; Nonlinear control
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Department of Robotics EngineeringREL(Rehabilitation Engineering Laboratory)1. Journal Articles

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