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Pronounced Cosolvent Effects in Polymer:Polymer Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells with Sulfur-Rich Electron-Donating and Imide-Containing Electron-Accepting Polymers
- Pronounced Cosolvent Effects in Polymer:Polymer Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells with Sulfur-Rich Electron-Donating and Imide-Containing Electron-Accepting Polymers
- Nam, Sungho; Woo, Sungho; Seo, Jooyeok; Kim, Wook Hyun; Kim, Hwajeong; McNeill, Christopher R.; Shin, Tae Joo; Bradley, Donal D. C.; Kim, Youngkyoo
- DGIST Authors
- Woo, Sungho
- Issue Date
- ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 7(29), 15995-16002
- Article Type
- Carboxylation; Convergence of Numerical Methods; Cosolvents; Degradation; Device Optimization; Donor-Acceptor Blends; Efficiency; Efficiency Improvement; Electromagnetic Wave Absorption; Electron-Accepting Polymers; Heterojunctions; Light Absorption; Nano-Structures; Nanostructure; Naphthalene; Polymer Bulk Heterojunctions; Polymer Solar Cells (PSCs); Polymer:Polymer Solar Cells; Polymers; Power Conversion Efficiencies; Solar Cells; Spinning (Fibers); Stability
- The performance of solar cells with a polymer:polymer bulk heterojunction (BHJ) structure, consisting of poly[4,8-bis(5-(2-ethylhexyl)thiophen-2-yl)benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b′]dithiophene-alt-3-fluorothieno[3,4-b]thiophene-2-carboxylate] (PTB7-Th) donor and poly[[N,N′-bis(2-octyldodecyl)-naphthalene-1,4,5,8-bis(dicarboximide)-2,6-diyl]-alt-5,5′-(2,2′-bithiophene)] (P(NDI2OD-T2)) acceptor polymers, was investigated as a function of cosolvent (p-xylene:chlorobenzene (pXL:CB)) composition ratio. A remarkable efficiency improvement (∼38%) was achieved by spin-coating the photoactive blend layer from pXL:CB = 80:20 (volume) rather than pXL alone, but the efficiency then decreased when the CB content increased further to pXL:CB = 60:40. The improved efficiency was correlated with a particular PTB7-Th:P(NDI2OD-T2) donor-acceptor blend nanostructure, evidenced by a fiber-like surface morphology, a red-shifted optical absorption, and enhanced PL quenching. Further device optimization for pXL:CB = 80:20 films yielded a power conversion efficiency of ∼5.4%. However, these devices showed very poor stability (∼15 min for a 50% reduction in initial efficiency), owing specifically to degradation of the PTB7-Th donor-component. Replacing PTB7-Th with a more stable donor polymer will be essential for any application potential to be realized. (Figure Presented). © 2015 American Chemical Society.
- American Chemical Society
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- Convergence Research Center for Solar Energy1. Journal Articles
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