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Effect of H2O on the Microstructure of b-TiO2 and PbI2 Films during Spin Coating for Perovskite Solar Cells
- Effect of H2O on the Microstructure of b-TiO2 and PbI2 Films during Spin Coating for Perovskite Solar Cells
- Kim, Se Yun; Sung, Shi Joon; Kim, Dae Hwan; Heo, Young Woo
- DGIST Authors
- Sung, Shi Joon; Kim, Dae Hwan
- Issue Date
- Science of Advanced Materials, 10(4), 565-569
- Article Type
- POWER CONVERSION EFFICIENCY; CH3NH3PBI3; DEPOSITION; FABRICATION; HUMIDITY; LENGTHS
- In this paper, the effect of H2O on the microstructure of block TiO2 (b-TiO2) and PbI2 films during spin coating for perovskite solar cells was investigated. Dense TiO2 and PbI2 films were formed in a N-2 glove box regardless of the spinning time; in contrast, porous TiO2 and PbI2 films were formed in a humid atmosphere. The formation mechanism of the porous TiO2 film was suggested to be a sol-gel reaction resulting from the reaction between the wet-state alkoxide film and water molecules in the humid environment during spinning, whereas a TiO2 xerogel structure was formed without the sol-gel reaction in the non-humid environment. In addition, it was suggested that the porous PbI2 film was formed via a reaction between the wet-state film and water. In conclusion, control of the reaction between the coated wet film and water molecules was important for coating optimized b-TiO2 and PbI2 films.
- AMER SCIENTIFIC PUBLISHERS
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- Convergence Research Center for Solar Energy1. Journal Articles
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