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Molecularly Engineered Theranostic Nanoparticles for Thrombosed Vessels: H2O2-Activatable Contrast-Enhanced Photoacoustic Imaging and Antithrombotic Therapy
- Molecularly Engineered Theranostic Nanoparticles for Thrombosed Vessels: H2O2-Activatable Contrast-Enhanced Photoacoustic Imaging and Antithrombotic Therapy
- Jung, Eunkyeong; Kang, Changsun; Lee, Jeonghun; Yoo, Donghyuck; Hwang, Do Won; Kim, Dohyun; Park, Seong-Cheol; Lim, Sang Kyoo; Song, Chulgyu; Lee, Dongwon
- DGIST Authors
- Lim, Sang Kyoo
- Issue Date
- Acs Nano, 12(1), 392-401
- Article Type
- HYDROGEN-PEROXIDE; IN-VIVO; ULTRASOUND; MECHANISMS; PLATELETS; AGENT
- A thrombus (blood clot), composed mainly of activated platelets and fibrin, obstructs arteries or veins, leading to various life-threatening diseases. Inspired by the distinctive physicochemical characteristics of thrombi such as abundant fibrin and an elevated level of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), we developed thrombus-specific theranostic (T-FBM) nanoparticles that could provide H2O2-triggered photoacoustic signal amplification and serve as an antithrombotic nanomedicine. T-FBM nanoparticles were designed to target fibrin-rich thrombi and be activated by H2O2 to generate CO2 bubbles to amplify the photoacoustic signal. In the phantom studies, T-FBM nanoparticles showed significant amplification of ultrasound/photoacoustic signals in a H2O2-triggered manner. T-FBM nanoparticles also exerted H2O2-activatable antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiplatelet activities on endothelial cells. In mouse models of carotid arterial injury, T-FBM nanoparticles significantly enhanced the photoacoustic contrast specifically in thrombosed vessels and significantly suppressed thrombus formation. We anticipate that T-FBM nanoparticles hold great translational potential as nanotheranostics for H2O2-associated cardiovascular diseases. © 2017 American Chemical Society.
- American Chemical Society
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