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Loss of Golgi Outposts Contributes to the Polyglutamine-induced Dendritic Pathology in Neurons

Title
Loss of Golgi Outposts Contributes to the Polyglutamine-induced Dendritic Pathology in Neurons
Authors
Chung, Chang GeonKwon, Min JeeJeon, Keun HyeHyeon, Do YoungHan, Myeong HoonPark, Jeong HyangCha, In JunCho, Jae HoKim, Keon HyungRho, SangchulKim, Gyu ReeJeong, HyobinLee, Jae WonKim, Tae SooKim, KeetaeKim, Kwang PyoEhlers, Michael D.Hwang, DaeheeLee, Sung Bae
DGIST Authors
Kim, Keetae; Hwang, Daehee; Lee, Sung Bae
Issue Date
2018-06-18
Citation
Keystone symposia
Type
Conference
Abstract
Neuronal death, which is a hallmark feature of neurodegenerative diseases, is oftentimes preceded by pathological alterations in the neuronal morphology and function. Specifically, dendrite abnormality has been identified as a common feature of neurodegenerative diseases, but the underlying mechanisms are not precisely defined. Here, we used a Drosophila polyglutamine (polyQ) disease model to investigate the mechanistic underpinnings of dendrite degeneration. Overexpression of nuclear polyQ proteins in Drosophila Class IV da (C4da) neurons decreased the number of Golgi outposts (GOPs), supply of plasma membrane (PM), and length of terminal dendrites. mRNA sequencing revealed that polyQ toxicity down-regulated a significant number of secretory pathway-related genes, including COPII genes previously shown to regulate GOP synthesis. Transcription factor enrichment analysis identified that polyQ toxicity reduces the level of CREB3L1/CrebA, whose overexpression rectified the dysregulation of COPII gene expression, GOP synthesis, and PM supply. Furthermore, co-overexpression of CrebA and Rac1 synergistically restored the length of terminal dendrites. By screening a number of candidate upstream regulators of CrebA, we identified CBP as a positive regulator of both CrebA transcription and GOP synthesis. Finally, we showed that polyQ proteins sequester CBP, thereby interfering with its regulatory role in GOP synthesis. Together, these results suggest that the dendrite pathology in polyQ diseases may be linked to the loss of GOPs, the mechanistic link of which involves the perturbation of the CBP-CrebA-COPII pathway.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11750/8991
Publisher
Keystone symposia
Related Researcher
  • Author Lee, Sung Bae Laboratory of Neurodegenerative Diseases and Aging
  • Research Interests Cellular mechanism of neurodegenerative diseases; Neuronal maintenance and remodeling; 퇴행성 뇌질환의 세포기전; 신경계 유지 및 리모델링 연구
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Collection:
Department of New BiologySystems Biology and Medicine Lab2. Conference Papers
Department of New BiologyCBRG(Complex Biology Research Group)2. Conference Papers
Department of Brain and Cognitive SciencesLaboratory of Neurodegenerative Diseases and Aging2. Conference Papers


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