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Spontaneous pseudo-topological silicon quantization for redesigned Si-based Li-ion batteries

Spontaneous pseudo-topological silicon quantization for redesigned Si-based Li-ion batteries
Ogata, KenKo, Dong-SuJung, ChanghoonLee, Jun-HoSul, SoohwanKim, Hee-GooSeo, JinahJang, JihyunKoh, MeitenKim, KihongKim, Jin HaeJung, In-SunPark, Min SikTakei, KoichiSaito, ShunsukeWakita, ShinyaIto, KimihikoKubo, YoshimiUosaki, KoheiDoo, SeokgwangHan, SungSooShin, Jai KwangJeon, Seongho
DGIST Authors
Kim, Jin Hae
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Author Keywords
BatteryLithium-ionPrelithiationSiliconSilicon quantum frameworkTopological structural changeTransmission electron microscopy
AnodesHigh resolution transmission electron microscopyIonsLithium-ion batteriesNanostructuresPhase transitionsSiliconSilicon batteriesSolventsTopologyTransmission electron microscopyBatteryLithium ionsPre-lithiationQuantum frameworkTopological structural changeAmorphous silicon
Nano-structured silicon anodes are attractive alternatives to graphite in lithium-ion batteries; however, despite recent progress in nano-engineered composites, its use remains limited. One of the issues, particularly in silicon-dominated anodes, is the poor Coulombic efficiency of lithium–silicon processes. Previous studies have shown that repeating the amorphous–crystalline hysteretic lithium–silicon phase transformations can abruptly improve irreversibility and eventually minimize cumulative irreversible lithium consumption in exchange of certain parasitic capacity sacrifice. Here, we reveal mechanism behind the phenomenon that the single phase transformation spontaneously and pseudo-topologically transforms nano-structured silicon into quantum-scale frameworks without gravimetric loss. The way it forms is clearly distinct from ever explored formation mechanism of porous nano-structures such as (electro)chemical etching, Kirkendall voiding, and percolation theory. Further, we implanted the structural transformation feature into lithium-ion full cells, largely redesigning the conventional one, by modulating cathode/anode capacity loading balance and prelithiation dose in the anode to embed the unique feature in the cells. We show that the cell preferentially triggers the efficient irreversibility-depletion phenomenon upon cycling and consequently outperforms conventional silicon-based cells. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
Elsevier BV
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Department of New Biology Protein Structure Aging Laboratory 1. Journal Articles


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