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Harnessing designer biotemplates for biomineralization of TiO2 with tunable photocatalytic activity

Harnessing designer biotemplates for biomineralization of TiO2 with tunable photocatalytic activity
Kim, Jung KyuJang, Ji-ryangSalman, Muhammad SaadTan, LihanNam, Chang-HoonYoo, Pil J.Choe, Woo-Seok
DGIST Authors
Nam, Chang-Hoon
Issue Date
Ceramics International, 45(5), 6467-6476
Article Type
Author Keyword
Biomineralization; Designer biotemplate; in situ substitutional nitrogen-doping; Photocatalyst; Titanium dioxide
Biomimetic processes; Energy conversion; Nucleation; Peptides; Photocatalysis; Photocatalysts; Solar energy; Titanium dioxide; Designer biotemplate; Environmentally benign; High photocatalytic activities; Intermolecular distance; Nanostructured metals; Photocatalytic activities; Photocatalytic property; Substitutional nitrogen; Biomineralization
Biomineralization is a promising material synthesis strategy for environmentally benign production of nanostructured metal oxides. An important question is whether biomineralization can be used in the biomimetic synthesis of TiO2 with tunable photocatalytic properties that are conducive to diverse solar energy conversion applications. Here, we report the biomineralization of energy-state-modified TiO2 nanoparticles, where the critical properties closely related to their photocatalytic activity can be manipulated by tailoring the nature of the designer biotemplates. For this purpose, STB1 heptapeptide was employed as a nucleation center to induce TiO2 biomineralization. Three distinctive types of biomolecules (peptide, protein, and phage) were deliberately designed to contain the STB1 nucleation core at different local densities and intermolecular distances. The degree of substitutional nitrogen-doping and the morphology are all subject to the context-dependent differential availability of STB1 in the biomineralization milieu. Phage-induced biomineralization results in TiO2 with modified energy state and wire-like network morphology, which account for significantly enhanced charge dissociation/transport performance and high photocatalytic activity. This is the first study to report that a specific peptide with biomineralizing activity exerts differential impacts on the properties of resulting biomineralization products in a context-dependent manner, and will provide a powerful new strategy for tailoring of material properties via biomineralization. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.
Elsevier Ltd
Related Researcher
  • Author Nam, Chang-Hoon  
  • Research Interests Protein Engineering; History and Philosophy of Science; Scientific Art; Biomaterial Development (Tissue Engineering) with modified bacteriophage; Bio Sensor Development
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