Cited 4 time in
Cited 4 time in
Plasma membrane localization of MLC1 regulates cellular morphology and motility
- Plasma membrane localization of MLC1 regulates cellular morphology and motility
- Hwang, Junmo; Vu, Minh Hung; Kim, Min-Sik; Im, Hyun Ho
- DGIST Authors
- Kim, Min-Sik
- Issue Date
- Molecular Brain, 12(1), 116
- Article Type
- Author Keywords
- MLC1; Leukodystrophy; Actin remodeling; Filopodia; Lamellipodia; Cell motility
- MEGALENCEPHALIC LEUKOENCEPHALOPATHY; SUBCORTICAL CYSTS; ARP2/3 COMPLEX; CATION CHANNEL; ACTIN; ASTROCYTES; MUTATIONS; MIGRATION; PROTEIN; WASP
- Background: Megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts (MLC) is a rare form of infantile-onset leukodystrophy. The disorder is caused primarily by mutations of MLC1 that leads to a series of phenotypic outcomes including vacuolation of myelin and astrocytes, subcortical cysts, brain edema, and macrocephaly. Recent studies have indicated that functional interactions among MLC1, GlialCAM, and ClC-2 channels play key roles in the regulation of neuronal, glial and vascular homeostasis. However, the physiological role of MLC1 in cellular homeostatic communication remains poorly understood. In the present study, we investigated the cellular function of MLC1 and its effects on cell-cell interactions. Methods: MLC1-dependent cellular morphology and motility were analyzed by using confocal and live cell imaging technique. Biochemical approaches such as immunoblotting, co-immunoprecipitation, and surface biotinylation were conducted to support data. Results: We found that the altered MLC1 expression and localization led to a great alteration in cellular morphology and motility through actin remodeling. MLC1 overexpression induced filopodia formation and suppressed motility. And, MLC1 proteins expressed in patient-derived MLC1 mutants resulted in trapping in the ER although no changes in morphology or motility were observed. Interestingly knockdown of Mlc1 induced Arp3-Cortactin interaction, lamellipodia formation, and increased the membrane ruffling of the astrocytes. These data indicate that subcellular localization of expressed MLC1 at the plasma membrane is critical for changes in actin dynamics through ARP2/3 complex. Thus, our results suggest that misallocation of pathogenic mutant MLC1 may disturbs the stable cell-cell communication and the homeostatic regulation of astrocytes in patients with MLC. © 2019 The Author(s).
- BioMed Central Ltd.
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