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Sex specific effect of ATPase inhibitory factor 1 on body weight: studies in high fat diet induced obese mice and genetic association studies in humans

Sex specific effect of ATPase inhibitory factor 1 on body weight: studies in high fat diet induced obese mice and genetic association studies in humans
Kwak, So-YoungChung, InHyeokKang, JoonPerakakis, NikolaosYoo, Eun HyeLee, JuheeJung, Hun TaekMun, Bo-RamChoi, Won-SeokKim, Oh YoenKim, SeolsongKim, Eun-KyoungOh, HannahMantzoros, Christos S.Chung, Ji HyungKim, Hyeon SooShin, Min-Jeong
DGIST Authors
Kwak, So-Young; Chung, InHyeok; Kang, Joon; Perakakis, Nikolaos; Yoo, Eun Hye; Lee, Juhee; Jung, Hun Taek; Mun, Bo-Ram; Choi, Won-Seok; Kim, Oh Yoen; Kim, Seolsong; Kim, Eun-Kyoung; Oh, Hannah; Mantzoros, Christos S.; Chung, Ji Hyung; Kim, Hyeon Soo; Shin, Min-Jeong
Issue Date
Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, 105, 154171
Article Type
Author Keywords
ATPase inhibitory factor 1ObesityHypothalamusmTORCbeta-F1-ATPaseAkt
Background: Based on the metabolic effect of exogenous ATPase inhibitory factor 1 (IF1) on glucose metabolism, we tested whether IF1 treatment is effective in ameliorating weight gain and whether its effects are sex specific. Methods: HFD-fed C57BL/6 mice were treated with IF1 (5 mg/kg body weight, injected intraperitoneally). The underlying mechanisms of effect of IF1 on body weight were investigated in vitro and in vivo. Associations between genotypes of IF1 and obesity and relevant phenotype were further tested at the population level. Results: Chronic treatment with IF1 significantly decreased body weight gain by regulating food intake of HFD-fed male mice. IF1 activated the AKT/mTORC pathway and modulated the expression of appetite genes in the hypothalamus of HFD-fed male mice and its effect was confirmed in hypothalamic cell lines as well as hypothalamic primary cells. This required the interaction of IF1 with β-F1-ATPase on the plasma membrane of hypothalamic cells, which led to an increase in extracellular ATP production. In addition, IF1 treatment showed sympathetic nerve activation as measured by serum norepinephrine levels and UCP-1 expression in the subcutaneous fat of HFD-fed male mice. Notably, administration of recombinant IF1 to HFD-fed ovariectomized female mice showed remarkable reductions in food intake as well as body weight, which was not observed in wild-type 5-week female mice. Lastly, sex-specific genotype associations of IF1 with obesity prevalence and metabolic traits were demonstrated at the population level in humans. IF1 genetic variant (rs3767303) was significantly associated with lower prevalence of obesity and lower levels of body mass index, waist circumference, hemoglobin A1c, and glucose response area only in male participants. Conclusion: IF1 is involved in weight regulation by controlling food intake and potentially sympathetic nerve activation in a sex-specific manner. © 2020 Elsevier Inc.
Elsevier BV
Related Researcher
  • Author Kim, Eun-Kyoung Lab of Neuro-Metabolism & Neurometabolomic Research Center
  • Research Interests Neural functions in metabolic diseases; 뇌신경세포와 비만; 당뇨 등의 대사 질환 관련 연구
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Department of Brain and Cognitive SciencesLab of Neuro-Metabolism & Neurometabolomic Research Center1. Journal Articles

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