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Piezoelectric Nanogenerator Based on Lead-Free Flexible PVDF-Barium Titanate Composite Films for Driving Low Power Electronics

Piezoelectric Nanogenerator Based on Lead-Free Flexible PVDF-Barium Titanate Composite Films for Driving Low Power Electronics
Sahu, ManishaHajra, SugatoLee, Kang TaekDeepti, PLMistewicz, KrystianKim, Hoe Joon
DGIST Authors
Sahu, Manisha; Hajra, Sugato; Lee, Kang Taek; Deepti, PL; Mistewicz, Krystian; Kim, Hoe Joon
Issue Date
Crystals, 11(2), 85
Author Keywords
Piezoelectric nanogeneratorEnergy harvestingDielectricLead-free
Self‐powered sensor development is moving towards miniaturization and requires a suitable power source for its operation. The piezoelectric nanogenerator (PENG) is a potential candidate to act as a partial solution to suppress the burgeoning energy demand. The present work is focused on the development of the PENG based on flexible polymer‐ceramic composite films. The X‐ray spectra suggest that the BTO particles have tetragonal symmetry and the PVDF‐BTO composite films (CF) have a mixed phase. The dielectric constant increases with the introduction of the particles in the PVDF polymer and the loss of the CF is much less for all compositions. The BTO particles have a wide structural diversity and are lead‐free, which can be further employed to make a CF. An attempt was made to design a robust, scalable, and cost‐effective piezoelectric nanogenerator based on the PVDF‐BTO CFs. The solvent casting route was a facile approach, with respect to spin coating, electrospinning, or sonication routes. The introduction of the BTO particles into PVDF enhanced the dielectric constant and polarization of the composite film. Furthermore, the single‐layered device output could be increased by strategies such as internal polarization amplification, which was confirmed with the help of the polarization‐electric field loop of the PVDF‐ BTO composite film. The piezoelectric nanogenerator with 10 wt% BTO‐PVDF CF gives a high electrical output of voltage 7.2 V, current 38 nA, and power density of 0.8 μW/cm2 at 100 MΩ. Finally, the energy harvesting using the fabricated PENG is done by various actives like coin dropping, under air blowing, and finger tapping. Finally, low‐power electronics such as calculator is successfully powered by charging a 10 μF capacitor using the PENG device. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Related Researcher
  • Author Kim, Hoe Joon Nano Materials and Devices Lab
  • Research Interests MEMS/NEMS; Micro/Nano Sensors; Piezoelectric Devices; Nanomaterials; Heat Transfer; Atomic Force Microscope
Department of Energy Science and EngineeringAECSL(Advanced Energy Conversion and Storage Lab)1. Journal Articles
Department of Robotics and Mechatronics EngineeringNano Materials and Devices Lab1. Journal Articles

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