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Synthesis of Nanoscale gamma-Fe2O3 Powders with Hydrates via Microwave-Assisted Heat Treatment

Synthesis of Nanoscale gamma-Fe2O3 Powders with Hydrates via Microwave-Assisted Heat Treatment
Yun, Han-SolShin, So-YoungPark, Kwon-JinYou, Chun-YeolCho, Nam-Hee
DGIST Authors
Yun, Han-Sol; Shin, So-Young; Park, Kwon-Jin; You, Chun-Yeol; Cho, Nam-Hee
Issue Date
Electronic Materials Letters, 17(3), 240-249
Author Keywords
Activation energyHydratesMaghemiteMagnetic propertyMicrowave‐assisted heat treatment
Herein, the effect of microwave irradiation on the formation of γ-Fe2O3 phase was investigated. The structural and chemical features of the γ-Fe2O3 synthesized via microwave-assisted heat treatment (MWH) were examined in terms of precursors. Three different types of precursors, i.e., FeC2O4∙2H2O (FH), FeOOH, and Fe3O4, were used, and each precursor was heated in a temperature range of 100–300 °C via MWH. Nanocrystalline γ-Fe2O3 powders with a crystallite size of ~ 19 nm were synthesized when the source FH was heat-treated at 120 °C for 20 min by MWH. The activation energy required for the formation of γ-Fe2O3 powders was 21.4 kJ/mol, which is approximately one-third or one-quarter of the activation energy (68.5 and 87.9 kJ/mol) reported for the synthesis of γ-Fe2O3 via conventional heating. The lattice parameter of the synthesized γ-Fe2O3 phase expanded to 8.360 Å at 120 °C, whereas it contracted to 8.351 Å at 200 °C. This variation can be attributed to the content of the surface-absorbed OH group. The values of the saturated magnetization and coercive force of the powders increased by approximately threefold with increasing crystallinity. Graphic Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.] © 2021, The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials.
Korean Institute of Metals and Materials
Related Researcher
  • Author You, Chun-Yeol Spin Phenomena for Information Nano-devices(SPIN) Lab
  • Research Interests Spintronics; Condensed Matter Physics; Magnetic Materials & Thin Films; Micromagnetic Simulations; Spin Nano-Devices
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Department of Physics and ChemistrySpin Phenomena for Information Nano-devices(SPIN) Lab1. Journal Articles

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