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High Precision Robust Force Control of a Series Elastic Actuator

High Precision Robust Force Control of a Series Elastic Actuator
Oh, SehoonKong, Kyoung Chul
DGIST Authors
Oh, Sehoon
Issue Date
IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics, 22(1), 71-80
Article Type
ActuatorsBandwidthControllersDynamic CharacteristicsDynamic ModelsExogenous DisturbancesFeed-Forward ControllersForce ControlModel Based Control AlgorithmsPosition ControlQuantitative AssessmentsRobust Stability and PerformanceSeries Elastic ActuatorsTwo-Mass Dynamic Model
A series elastic actuator (SEA) is a promising actuation method in force control applications that intelligently interact with environments. The SEA is characterized by a spring placed between a load and an actuator, which is an electric motor in most cases. Since the spring plays the role of a transducer between position (i.e., the spring deflection) and force, it is able to control the output force (torque) precisely by utilizing typical position control methods. However, the force control performance of SEA is considered to have limitations due to its elasticity and thus to be inferior to rigid actuators in terms of bandwidth. This paper proposes that the force control performance of SEA can be improved by exploiting the dynamic model of SEA. To this end, SEA is modeled and analyzed utilizing the two-mass dynamic model which is a well known and widely accepted model of flexible system. Disturbance observer (DOB) and feedforward controller are introduced as the model-based control algorithms for the SEA to achieve the high precision force control. In addition to high bandwidth force control, the proposed controller can address the robust stability and performance against model parameter variance and exogenous disturbances. For the analytic and quantitative assessment of the proposed force control system, the dynamic characteristics of an SEA under various control algorithms are analyzed, and the experimental results are provided for an actual SEA system in this paper. © 2016 IEEE.
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Related Researcher
  • Author Oh, Sehoon MCL(Motion Control Lab)
  • Research Interests Research on Human-friendly motion control; Development of human assistance;rehabilitation system; Design of robotic system based on human musculoskeletal system; Analysis of human walking dynamics and its application to robotics; 친인간적인 운동제어 설계연구; 인간 보조;재활 시스템의 설계 및 개발연구; 인간 근골격계에 기초한 로봇기구 개발연구; 보행운동 분석과 모델 및 로봇기구에의 응용
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Department of Robotics EngineeringMCL(Motion Control Lab)1. Journal Articles

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