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Rapid foreign object detection system on seaweed using vnir hyperspectral imaging

Rapid foreign object detection system on seaweed using vnir hyperspectral imaging
Kwak, DonghoonSon, Guk-JinPark, Mi-KyungKim, Youngduk
DGIST Authors
Kwak, Donghoon; Son, Guk-Jin; Park, Mi-Kyung; Kim, Youngduk
Issue Date
Sensors, 21(16)
Author Keywords
Foreign object detectionHyperspectral imagingSeaweedSignal processingSpectroscopyVisible and near‐infrared
Hyperspectral imagingInspectionObject recognitionSeaweedSpectroscopyAccuracy ImprovementConveyor beltsDiffuse reflectionForeign objectManufacturing sitesMass productionSargassum fusiformeSubtraction methodObject detectionBelt conveyorsDimensionality reduction
The consumption of seaweed is increasing year by year worldwide. Therefore, the foreign object inspection of seaweed is becoming increasingly important. Seaweed is mixed with various materials such as laver and sargassum fusiforme. So it has various colors even in the same seaweed. In addition, the surface is uneven and greasy, causing diffuse reflections frequently. For these reasons, it is difficult to detect foreign objects in seaweed, so the accuracy of conventional foreign object detectors used in real manufacturing sites is less than 80%. Supporting real‐time inspection should also be considered when inspecting foreign objects. Since seaweed requires mass production, rapid inspection is essential. However, hyperspectral imaging techniques are generally not suitable for high‐speed inspection. In this study, we overcome this limitation by using dimensionality reduction and using simplified operations. For accuracy improvement, the proposed algorithm is carried out in 2 stages. Firstly, the subtraction method is used to clearly distinguish seaweed and conveyor belts, and also detect some relatively easy to detect foreign objects. Secondly, a standardization inspection is performed based on the result of the subtraction method. During this process, the proposed scheme adopts simplified and burdenless calculations such as subtraction, division, and one‐by‐one matching, which achieves both accuracy and low latency performance. In the experiment to evaluate the performance, 60 normal seaweeds and 60 seaweeds containing foreign objects were used, and the accuracy of the proposed algorithm is 95%. Finally, by implementing the proposed algorithm as a foreign object detection platform, it was confirmed that real‐time operation in rapid inspection was possible, and the possibility of deployment in real manufacturing sites was confirmed. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Related Researcher
  • Author Kim, Youngduk  
  • Research Interests IoT, Disaster Respnse, Autonomous System
Division of Automotive Technology1. Journal Articles

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